Breeding aquarium fish such as Notobranch Patrici family Notched Branches - a hobby that is extremely popular these days. For most aquarists, the fish of the family Notched Branches in the aquarium is not only a decorative accessory, but also the opportunity to study rare species, their conservation and augmentation.
Notobranch Patrici (lat.Nothobranchius patrizii (Fundulus patrizii)) are aquarium fish from the family Notched Branches (lat.Notobranchus). The size of an individual reaches up to 4.5 cm. It lives mainly in reservoirs of Africa (Kenya, Somalia). They live well in water at a temperature of 23-30 degrees Celsius and with a chemical composition no worse than pH 6.5-7 dH 8-12. A photograph of this species is shown a little higher on this page.
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Description of Notobranchius
You can’t look at it without enthusiasm photo of notobranchius. The brightness, variegation and extraordinary beauty of the fish leaves no one indifferent. They are proportionate. An oval body, a rounded fin on the back and an anal fin, a fan-like tail fin attract attention.
As for the colors of the fish, they have the most diverse. It depends on the species notobranchius fishand there are about 60 of them. They are blue, motley, striped, spotty, red.
In males, the color is always brighter than in females, in which a gray-brown color predominates, they do not have shine. An adult can grow up to 8 cm. They live within a year. These fish were awarded the natural ability to be able to be in any environment.
Care and maintenance requirements
IN the content of notobranchius there is nothing special. But before buy musicians need to learn what they need. They need an aquarium of 50 liters. It should have enough plants where the fish can hide.
The fish has an increased sensitivity to the state of water, so it must be filtered and aerated. Water should be changed at least every 14 days. It should not be too soft, this can cause oodinosis in fish.
The temperature regime of water should be from 21 to 30 degrees. If the notobranchiuses will remain at low temperatures for a long time, the color of the males will especially pale and lose their natural attractiveness.
If the temperature is above the norm for these fish, their life becomes much less than usual. For habitat, they choose the lower and middle water layers. In general, there is nothing complicated in caring for the notobranchius. Everything is the same as when caring for other fish.
The aquarium should be clean and the water in it should change periodically. For some, a one-time complete replacement of water is too painful, so do this gradually, in parts.
The chemical composition of water should not be particularly different from the previous one. Substitution of water in small portions has a very positive effect on the fish, improves their well-being and increases appetite.
Fish behave well if there are two or three females per male in the aquarium. Being in the same aquarium simultaneously two males leads to their periodic skirmishes.
Such skirmishes between them not only serve to clarify the relationship, but also in order to attract the attention of the fair sex. Fights basically do no harm to anyone.
If females are absent in the aquarium, males behave quite peacefully. These fish do not like bright and saturated light. It should be modest, muffled and directed towards the viewing glasses.
The most comfortable fish in the thickets of the Thai fern. But you can find in such an aquarium the use of Javanese moss, fern-microzorium, cinnamon and other plants that grow without problems in poor lighting.
Of the negative aspects in the content of these amazing fish are their intolerance to cold water, difficulty in breeding. Hungry musicians have a bad habit of nibbling fins for their weaker counterparts.
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The number of species in "sister" taxa
|view||Notobranchius (patrizii)||Nothobranchius patrizii||Vinciguerra||1927|
|suborder / order||Aploheiloid||Aplocheiloidei||Bleeker||1859|
|squad / order||Cyprinids||Cyprinodontiformes||Berg||1940|
|superorder / order||Aterinoid||Atherinomorpha|
|the class||Radiant fishes||Actinopterygii||Klein||1885|
|subtype / subdivision||Vertebrates (Cranial)||Vertebrata (craniata)|
|type / department||Chordate||Chordata|
|section||Bilateral Symmetric (Three Layer)||Bilateria (Triploblastica)|
The genus of bottom fish, Notobranchius (Nothobranchius) comes from Africa. Fans of different species know that these are typical “seasonal fish”. This definition refers to species of fish from different genera and families whose living space usually does not allow them to live long without much adaptability. Ponds dry out during the hot season, so the fish simply die. The ability to adapt consists in the coincidence of the life cycle with the rhythm of the change of seasons: in the dry season, when the water in their living space (a puddle, stream, ditch) dries, the caviar lies under the cover of bottom soil. With the beginning of the rainy season, all these places are again filled with water, caviar begins to develop, and the young of the new generation fills this living space. The warmer the environment, the faster the life cycle of these already adult fish takes place, because even the water in the heat dries out faster. During the transition period from the rainy season to the driest season, seasonal fish spawn and place the clutch in the bottom soil, where it rests until the next rainy season begins.
Notobranchs of different species have a dense, stocky body; in males it is quite high. The coloring of the fish is simple, in any case it is not distinguished by such a complex pattern, as, for example, in the afiosemions mentioned above. Our indoor aquariums contain many of the well-known species such as Gunthera nothobranha (N. guentheri), notobranh ortonotus (N. orthonotus), and notch palm Palmquist (N. palmquisti). Rakhov's notobranch (N. rachovii). Over the past decade, recently discovered and described species (N. korthausae, N. jubbi, N. polli, N. foerschi), as well as those whose status seemed controversial but recognized (N. patrizii), have been added to them.
Among the recently described species, N. eggersi, known for its various color options, should be mentioned. These fish are best kept in a small and well-closed (!) Species aquarium. But if you do not want this, then at least do not run larger fish into the aquarium with them: in this case, Killfish will be subordinate to them and will not be able to demonstrate their true habits, by the way, they are not always peace-loving. The bottom soil should be soft, the feed alive. Notobranchs of different species live in the lower and middle layers of water. Their size ranges from 5 to 7 cm.
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A more acceptable and favorable food for notobranchiuses is live food. It is necessary to give frozen food in limited quantities. In no case should you overfeed the fish. Morning and evening are perfect for feeding. Long hunger strikes, due to their good metabolism, threaten fish with hunger and death.
Types of Notobranchius
There are a large number of different types of notobranchiuses. Among this large number are some of the most popular among aquarists. Notobranchius Rakhova It is an amazingly beautiful fish, growing up to 7 cm. In the color of males, blue-green tones prevail, orange or red spots are dotted on its sides.
A large number of such spots leads to their fusion into transverse stripes. This type of fish can be distinguished by the yellow abdomen, blue fins on the back and in the area of the anus. On the caudal fin, other tones are noticeable - blue, red and black. They are amazingly beautiful stripes.
Females of this species are somewhat smaller and much paler than males. The presence of secluded and darkened places in the aquarium is very important for Rakhov’s music companions. They are comfortable in aquariums with a bottom strewn with peat crumbs.
Gunther Notobranch painted green with blue, which mixes brown tones with dots of red. The pectoral and ventral fin of the fish shimmers with blue colors. In females of this species gray and brown tones prevail in color, and their fins are generally transparent, without any shade.
The length of these fish ranges from 7 to 8.5 cm. Females are always smaller. Notgranius Eggers acts as one of the most beautiful species of these fish. They are blue and red. They have relatively large fins of the same beautiful colors as the fish themselves.
Males are correspondingly larger in size and richer in tone. This type of notobranchius has great requirements regarding the content and complexity during reproduction, so they are recommended to aquarists with experience and good experience.
Notobranchius compatibility with other fish
These fish are peaceful. The most convenient variant of their maintenance, where 2-4 females fall on 1 male. But in this case, the hassle between them can not be avoided. For a neighborhood, fish of related species are well suited.
But in this case, the likelihood of mixing up the females is high. Slow fishes and those whose veil-like fins are not suitable for the neighborhood with musicians, as their fins will be attacked.
Reproduction and sexual characteristics of notobranchius
Sexually mature fish become as young as 1-3 months. For spawning, a male and a couple of females are usually selected. They must first be held separately for at least 14 days. A container 30 cm long is suitable for spawning. Peat and water must be at least 10 cm long.
Females throw eggs in peat, which should be removed every 21 days along with eggs, dried and folded. It is important that the humidity of the peat is moderate. Storage of this peat with eggs should be in a closed container with an approximate temperature of 21-22 degrees.
For two weeks, you need to inspect the caviar and remove the damaged one. Dead embryos can be calculated using a magnifying glass. Caviar develops from 1 month to six months. In the eggs, dark spots of the eyes will be visible.
After these signs are noticed, peat must be transferred to a container with water not exceeding 20 degrees, and a level of no more than 5 cm. In the process, it is desirable to gradually raise the temperature to 25 degrees. The born fry are later planted in a regular aquarium. Their initial food is live dust.
Breeding Notobranchius thin thing. It is not always possible for beginner aquarists. You can breed fish from beginning to end yourself, but you can buy caviar notobranchiusov with experts.