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Hair Care Bichon Frize

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The main care for the Bichon Frize is to maintain a beautiful and healthy state of the dog’s coat. Bichon Frize has a unique coat that grows throughout
dog's life is like human hair. Bichon has no seasonal molting , like other breeds, therefore, it is necessary to devote a lot of time to grooming. On the one hand, the absence of “mass” hair loss eliminates the need for shreds of furniture and flooring in the house, but on the other hand, dead hair must be combed regularly trim . In addition, the Bichon Frize has a thick undercoat, and the wool is prone to the formation of mats.

Hair care

It is recommended to comb the Bichon Frize every day or every other day, cut and trim - about 1 time in 1.5-3 months.

For hair care, the following accessories will be required (minimum):

  • metal massage brush with rotating teeth rounded at the end
  • frequent comb
  • rare comb
  • spray from tart
  • slicker

It is advisable to comb the dog every day with a puncher, carefully comb the whole body, disassembling the tangles.

Non-exhibition dogs should be cut regularly, at least once every 1.5-3 months. A haircut should emphasize the pedigree of the Bichon Frize, and not be like a poodle or York. Due to its peculiarity, Bichon's hair grows well and holds volume, therefore various original and creative haircuts are possible on this breed, as well as painting .

Dogs of this breed are recommended to trim the areas of the anus and genitals once a month, strictly according to the growth of hair, to its length up to 3-4 mm.

Bichon hair care combines a moderate frequency of washing the hair on the body and daily care of the groin and under the eyes, which may turn yellow or red. To remove these spots accumulated over long days without leaving, sometimes even an experienced groomer fails. Therefore, it is necessary to wash paws, muzzle with shampoo every week, especially the beard and around the eyes, the genital area and anus. These places should be washed every day in plain water.

The frequency of bathroom procedures depends on their lifestyle. If the Bichon is often on the street, then bathing is fully recommended once every 7-10 days, if the pet walks a little, it is enough to bathe it once a month.

When is Bichon's hair tangled and how to avoid this?

After wearing clothes, collars and harnesses. In this case, Bichon should be combed with a slicker, immediately after taking off your clothes or ammunition.
- If the coat is not sufficiently dried, after bathing. Or rinse conditioner was not used. The dog’s wet hair falls off immediately, and in a week it will already be mats.
- If there are many children in the house where the dog is often squeezed, in this case Bichon should be cut much shorter than the standard.

What care is required from the owner of Bichon, and how often?

Bichon needs to wipe his eyes daily with a cotton pad moistened with a special eye lotion.
- It is necessary to cut the nails and clean the ears once every 1-1.5 months (between haircuts in the salon, if the Bichon haircut is every 3 months). If you cut the dog in the cabin once every 2 months, then you can not do this yourself.
- It is advisable from childhood to teach a dog to brush his teeth (toothpaste and brush for dogs) at least once a week. This habit will greatly facilitate the mechanical procedure for cleaning tartar (with an ordinary scaler without anesthesia), and will relieve further serious problems with the dog’s health.
Tartar in a healthy dog ​​begins to form only after 2 years.
- You need to bathe Bichon once every 3-4 weeks, if Bichon goes to the toilet in the diaper. Dogs that are being walked are bathed as they become dirty or when a characteristic odor appears. Paws should be washed immediately after a walk.

How to bathe and comb the Bichon Frize?

Comb the hair with a slicker just before bathing.
- Shampoo and balm are bred separately from each other. Do not use 2-in-1 products.
- Bathe the dog with warm water, wet the hair with a shower head, apply shampoo, massage gently and rinse well with water. Repeat the same procedure with rinse aid.
- Hand squeeze the excess water from Bichon's wool and wrap it in a large terry towel, leaving only the tip of the nose.
- Hold the dog in a towel for 20-30 minutes.
- Comb the hair with a ponderka or a brush with long teeth, fanning it with a warm hairdryer. Thus, having completely dried and combed the dog.
Until the next bath, there is no need to comb out Bichon's wool.
- Use shampoo “for white coat” or “for frequent use” (if you have to bathe often) and the separately washable balm conditioner “moisturizing”.
“Whitening” and “texturing” (to add volume) shampoos can only be used by professionals in the salon. Do not use them for home use.

How to choose the right grooming dog and groomer?

Bichons need professional grooming once every 2-3 months.

Grooming - This is not only a haircut, it is a whole range of services for caring for the dog’s hair and skin to keep it healthy, beautiful and well-groomed. Groomer is a pet grooming specialist.

The cost of such services in various salons depends on the pricing policy of the salon. When choosing a salon for cutting your pet, you should pay attention to the fact that the range of grooming services must consist of the following procedures:
- removal of wool from the ear canal and ear cleaning
- claw trimming
- combing
- analysis of mallets (if necessary)
- tartar cleaning (as it forms)
- cleaning of the paraanal glands (as it gets dirty)
- swimming
- hairdryer
- cutting with scissors according to the breed standard or any other

It should be borne in mind that in some stores all services are paid separately, and in some comprehensively and at a fixed price. For example, as in the Animal Beauty Studio "Panda",.
It is always not only more profitable, but also makes home care very easy. No need to remember and think about what and when to do it; a professional groomer will do everything himself. The less often Bichon visits the salon, the more attention and time of the owner are required to care for him.
The first haircut in the pet salon is very important, so you need to take this with all responsibility so that there is no negative for the rest of the dog’s life.
Read reviews about groomers and consult with other owners of cutting dog breeds.
Your personal contact with the groomer is also important, if the master does not inspire confidence in you, do not leave him your dog.
In the first haircut of the dog, your presence is desirable, it will not confuse the professional master, but it will reassure you. Appreciate the approach and professionalism of the groomer with your own eyes. If you find "your master", then your presence will be superfluous. Dogs are not distracted and are much more calmly cut without a master.

Nutrition Bichon Frize

It should be remembered that any dog ​​food does not eliminate the need for vitamins and minerals!

It is best to feed a Bichon Frize dog with natural products.
To avoid food allergic reactions, selecting food. Feed an adult dog (from 8 months you need 2 times a day at the same time all his life), for example at 9:00 and 21:00.

The balance of meat, cereals and vegetables is the key to a dog’s health. Since they are prone to food allergies, only 3 types of low-fat boiled meat can be present in their diet, preference is given in this order:
- beef and beef offal (tripe and heart)
- rabbit
- lamb
- as well as white sea fish without bones

The meat is boiled on the second broth and cut into small pieces, rice or buckwheat is added to the prepared broth with meat.
Be sure to add porridge and half-baked vegetables (ideally broccoli, cauliflower, carrots) or any green vegetables.
From time to time, vitamins and minerals must be added to food.
Dairy products are required only for puppies, adult dogs can only be given dairy products at least once a week, cottage cheese from 1% to 4-5% fat or kefir.
The food is served to the dog warm or at room temperature.
Water should be freely available, filtered and fresh.
When traveling or on the road, you can always feed Bichon jars with baby food "Agusha" or "Tema", with those types of cereals and meat and vegetables that they can eat.

Products contraindicated in Bichon:

Red vegetables and fruits (for example: beets, red bell peppers, strawberries, cherries)
- salty and fatty
- sausages
- cheeses
- chicken, pork, liver, chicken and pork bones
- any sweets with sugar (including berries with a high sugar content) and pastries
- river and red fish
- bean
- oat, semolina, pearl barley
If the owner wants to feed Bichon dry food, you should choose a super-premium food. It is advisable to choose a food that is specifically designed for this breed. And for sterilized dogs only diet.

It is best to feed from a flat plate so that the face remains clean. And put a plate on the table as the puppy grows to properly form its skeleton and the exterior of the dog.

Raising Bichon Frize

Bichon is a decorative dog. Therefore, the main attention is paid to the education of hygienic qualities and the development of the commands necessary for socialization.
From the first days of a puppy in the house, his training in the toilet, feeding area (these areas should not be nearby), and fixing his "place" begins.
It is also important at this time to closely monitor the puppy and prevent its attempts to bite furniture and things.
Gradually teach the dog the basic commands: “to me”, “fu” or “not allowed”, “drop”, “next to”, for its own safety. More willingly, dogs learn new commands and skills during the game, for example, bring a toy, jump over a low barrier. An important element of education is home grooming. Dogs of this breed are intellectuals, so they need to pay a lot of attention, especially in childhood. They will willingly learn new teams, substitute sides for combing or playing. Just to be close to your master!
It should be remembered that the dog is not a person and only remembers the last command! You can not give the command "to me" and scold for the fact that the dog has done something. She will think that they scold her for coming to the owner. And in the future, the team "to me" will run away and hide.

It’s worth learning the teams gradually, one at a time. Once the dog has done it, encourage praise, affection or a treat (pieces of boiled meat can be used as a treat).

Do not often use only a treat, otherwise the dog will begin to educate its owner to give a treat to it every time it comes to the diaper! All achievements of the dog should be marked by the owner and always encouraged in different ways. When the dog learns to execute the command at the sudden request of the owner for some time, for example a week. Then only, you can consider the team forgotten and move on to learning another. Sometimes returning to the first command so that the dog does not forget what has already been learned. Etc. Remember the intonation when giving commands. Teams should be given in a strict tone that does not tolerate objection. Praise should sound emotional. It is necessary to scold a dog in the most extreme case and in no case should not yell at it. A dog should not be afraid of its owner. Just be friends with her. The dog will quickly understand what they want from her, when her bad behavior is ignored, and good is noticed.

Before punishing a dog, remember that you have everything: family, friends, work, entertainment, and she has only YOU!

Preparation for the exhibition

The first thing you need to comb is light, airy, springy on hand wool. Unravel all the tricks and my favorite. It is best for washing to use quality shampoo for dogs and not very oily conditioner for coat. After washing, it is extremely important to dry the hair of the Bichon Frize correctly - we grab each strand with a comb with iron teeth, lift it and dry it from root to tip.

Bichon frize wool is very fluffy, airy, elastic, it should not be heavy or droop to shreds. When the hair all over the dog’s body has dried, we comb it again with a comb with round teeth, long, and then we go everywhere with a curler, carefully combing the hair in all directions. You will immediately see how the wool has become resilient, soft and airy.

Now let's move on to cutting the Bichon Frize - after all, this procedure is usually paid more attention to. Shearing is done with scissors, similar to shearing a poodle with scissors. Pay particular attention to the external lines of the body of the Bichon Frize. The line that runs from head to tail should be perfectly horizontal, usually the hair in this place is left about two and a half centimeters thick. On the seat and sides we leave a little bit more hair - about three and a half centimeters. Pay special attention to the wool on the neck: it is left of its natural length. The neck should, together with the head and back, depict a question mark placed horizontally. The silhouette of the question mark should begin at the bridge of the nose and end at the base of the tail. When trimming the Bichon Frize, strive for the ideal of this silhouette. Important: the bangs above the eyes form the beginning of the question mark, but it will be a mistake to leave the bangs too low above the eyes. In the Bichon Frize, bangs hang over the eyes, but never close them.

Chest line should be trimmed so that it is a beautiful, slightly convex arch, protruding in front of the front legs of the dog.

Front legs Bichon Frize cut in the form of even cylindrical columns, they must hide their fingers with claws. The outside of each leg should have a straight line to the dog’s shoulder girdle.

If we talk about the hind legs , then it is important to emphasize the sciatic tubercle, as well as the popliteal and knee bend. The inner part of the hind leg is sheared as short as possible, from the hock to the pelvis, as well as on the metatarsus. As a result, the clipped region has the form of two triangles converging with vertices. At the back, with the correct haircut, you will see an inverted letter U along the outer contour of the hind legs and pelvis, and V - along the inner.

Tail , except for the base, does not cut at all. Mustache and beard also remain in their natural state. It is only important to ensure that the mustache and beard of the frieze do not curl into rings every day; according to the breed standards, hair should be as long as possible at these places. Comb your mustache and beard every day. Once every two weeks, perform the above procedures, and yours will look perfect.

The main care for the Bichon Frize is to maintain a beautiful and healthy state of the dog’s coat. Bichon Frize has a unique coat that grows throughout
dog's life is like human hair. Bichons do not have seasonal, like other breeds, therefore, it is necessary to devote a lot of time to grooming. On the one hand, the absence of "mass" hair loss eliminates the need for shreds of furniture and floors in the house, but on the other hand, dead hair must be combed regularly and. In addition, the Bichon Frize has a thick undercoat, and the wool is prone to the formation of mats.

Ears, teeth, eyes

Ear care Bichon Frize is quite simple - you need to clean them once a week with a special tool for cleaning your ears or 3% hydrogen peroxide. It is also important to remove tweezers with hair growing on the inner surface of the ears.Removing the hair from the ears does not hurt the Bichon Frieze, since there are very few nerve endings on the surface of the skin of the auricle of these dogs. Excess hair in the ears can retain moisture and cause a bacterial infection.

It is also necessary to regularly inspect the ears of the Bichon Frize to make sure that they do not have an ear mite or another problem with the ears.

Teeth Bichon Frize should be inspected once a week. Healthy dog ​​teeth are white and gums are pink. Brownish teeth at the base are a sign of tartar. Red gums - indicates inflammation, and in conjunction with the brown base of the teeth - indicates neglected tartar (accumulated over a long period). If you do not care for the teeth of the Bichon Frize, the consequences can be: gingivitis, tooth loss, bad breath, pain, jaw damage and other problems.

Bichon Frize should be taught from an early age to brushing your teeth, as well as to other hygiene procedures.

Aids for pet teeth care are special pills and hygienic sprays, which are sold in veterinary pharmacies. Pills with menthol help to get rid of the smell from the mouth, and when chewing they remove plaque and prevent the formation of stone. Bichon Frize up to 1 year is recommended to give 1 tablet per day whole or crumble for food, and for adult dogs - 2 tablets. Hygienic sprays have a similar effect. Before using such products, be sure to consult your veterinarian.

It is very important that puppies have chewing toys during tooth changes. Rubber toys with spikes help bichons of any age to prevent the formation of plaque and stone.

One of the problems in eye care Bichon Frize is the formation of brown spots on the hair around the eyes. The reasons for their appearance may be different: problems with teeth or ears, blockage (blockage) of the lacrimal canals, environment, allergies and others. To get rid of spots, first of all, you need to find the reason for their appearance and eliminate it, otherwise the struggle with spots around the eyes will be endless. Daily washing of the eyes with warm boiled water and rubbing the hair around the eyes helps to reduce the number of spots, but often this is not enough. After washing, the coat must be dried, since it is very important that the area around the eyes of the Bichon Frize is dry (reduces the risk of bacteria).

To whiten the hair around the eyes, it is recommended to wipe the area of ​​contamination with a cotton swab moistened with 3% hydrogen peroxide weekly. Liquid must be avoided in the eyes, mouth, and nose. Then the bleached area should be wiped with a dry cloth or towel and left for 5 minutes. Next, the wool must be dried with a hair dryer, apply bleaching powder and distribute it with a comb.

Claw cutting

Long claws greatly spoil the appearance of the dog and affect the gait, so it is recommended to cut the claws of the dogs once a month.

3. The place for the Bichon Frize should be placed in a cozy place where there are no drafts.

4. Bichons feel quite normal with apartment maintenance and are easily accustomed to go to the dog’s toilet, however, for the proper development and strengthening of contact with the owner, it is important to walk the pet regularly. Timely socialization and training give work to the dog’s mind and it quickly learns, becomes more pleasant in communication and less aggressive.

5. Bichons are easy to train. They can bring slippers and a newspaper, perform various tricks. This breed can easily be taught to sit in a bicycle basket.

Bichon has a unique coat, it continues to grow throughout the life of the dog, like human hair . Bichon Frize does not have a molt season, like dogs of other breeds, therefore, a lot of time should be devoted to grooming. On the one hand, the absence of “massive” hair loss eliminates shreds of furniture and flooring in the house, but on the other hand, dead hair must be combed and trimmed regularly (plucked), which takes a lot of time. In addition, the Bichon Frize has a thick undercoat, and the wool is prone to the formation of mats.

It is recommended to comb and comb the Bichon Frize every day or every other day. , cut and trim - about 1 time in 1.5-3 months.

For hair care, the following accessories will be required (minimum):

A metal massage brush should be without any droplets at the ends, otherwise you will not be able to make out the Bichon wool, which is kind of soft, but also elastic, like the coat of a Mongolian goat. A droplet mask will simply get stuck in the wool or tear it. The optimal length of the needles 27 mm, medium hard cushion. ()

A frequent comb, preferably with sharp ends, so that the comb fits better into the coat. (

Scissors with rounded ends.

The genital and anus areas require special attention and care. , especially in males. It is recommended to cut the hair in these places with a hair clipper strictly in the direction of hair growth. The optimal hair length in these places, allowing effective care, is 3-4 cm.

Hair care around the eyes.

To whiten the hair around the eyes, it is recommended to wipe the area of ​​contamination with a cotton swab moistened with 3% hydrogen peroxide weekly. Liquid must be avoided in the eyes, mouth, and nose. Then the bleached area should be wiped with a dry cloth or towel and left for 5 minutes. Next, the wool must be dried with a hair dryer, apply bleaching powder and distribute it with a comb.

Bichon should be bathed depending on their lifestyle. If the dog is often on the street, then it is completely recommended to bathe once every 7-10 days, if the pet walks a little, it is enough to bathe him once a month. In addition to the usual bathing of Bichon Frize, it is necessary to wash paws, muzzle, especially the beard and around the eyes, the genital area and the anus with shampoo every week. These places should be washed every day in plain water. So that the wool on the face does not lose its whiteness, it is recommended to add boric acid to the water, which brightens the wool.

Shampoo for this breed should not moisturize the wool, making it heavier, on the contrary, it should give volume and a light texture, so options such as:

Before bathing, the pet needs to be combed and removed well. During washing, attention should be paid to the following areas: the area under the tail, groin, abdomen, paws and chest. After all the shampoo has been washed off, a dog hair balm should be applied.

So, as our dog is white, we will begin preparations for the exhibition with super-cleaning shampoos, in order to remove any extraneous deposits from white wool and prepare it for further work-

When our pet literally creaks with purity, you can work on his color and make his coat even more white and bright.

. (RU) Dr. Elliott is a veterinarian with over thirty years of experience. She graduated from the University of Glasgow in 1987, and worked as a veterinary surgeon for 7 years. Afterward, Dr. Elliott worked as a veterinarian at an animal clinic for over a decade.

Number of sources used in this article:. You will find a list of them at the bottom of the page.

Dogs of the Bichon Frize breed are very well trained and are led by a feeling to please their master. However, in terms of accustoming to cleanliness in the walls of the house, these dogs can be especially stubborn and difficult to train. The combination of consistency, determination and positive rewards is indispensable for the proper training of dogs of this breed.

Accustoming to cleanliness in the walls of the house

Immediately start accustoming your dog to cleanliness. Accustoming the Bichon Frize to the toilet should begin as soon as you get home with the pet for the first time, by stroking and praising the dog for coping with the right place. This is the first step in training your Bichon Frize.

Continue training in cell training. In most cases, Bichon Frize dogs learn quickly, but they are known for being difficult to accustom to the toilet.

Take Bichon Frize for a walk every 2-3 hours. If you have a puppy, then it should be displayed more often (every 20-30 minutes). You need to accustom your dog to a walking schedule and the use of walks in order to go to the toilet in the right place. When you are just starting to accustom the Bichon Frize to the toilet, take him out every 2-3 hours.

Try to teach the Bichon Frize to go to the toilet on the newspaper, if the pet is especially stubborn in terms of accustoming to the street toilet. Bichon Frize are small dogs that are difficult to accustom to cleanliness. If you are having difficulty educating your dog in a street toilet, despite following all the training recommendations, you might consider teaching your dog how to use a newspaper at home.

Correction of unwanted behavior

Teach the Bichon Frize not to bite. Dogs of this breed tend to bite. They are friendly, but during the game they usually bite non-aggressively. However, the dog may not understand that its bites are painful for humans. Therefore, it is important to wean her from such behavior, especially if you have small children at home.

Teach your dog to walk properly on a leash. Bichon Frize dogs can be great companions for your walks, but they, like other dogs, need to be trained on a leash first.

Beware of the syndrome of small dogs. Syndrome of small dogs can become a problem in small breeds like Bichon Frize. Owners do not pay attention to such undesirable behavior as barking and biting, and try to protect their small dogs from the outside world. This leads to poor socialization, resulting in various behavioral problems.

Basic Teaching

Start by exploring the sit and lay commands. The “sit” and “lay” commands are the basis for almost all other possible teams. To give a paw, the dog must sit. For somersault, the dog must lie. At the very beginning of training, the Bichon Frize should begin to study the “sit” and “lay” commands, since they are fundamental teams.

Teach your dog the “to me” team. The “to me” team is an important team that is learned by any dog ​​quickly enough. Knowing that the dog should approach the owner on command “to me” can prevent accidents and allow the pet to be given greater freedom in certain situations.

Proceed to learn other basic commands. Bichon Frize dogs are well trained. After mastering the “sit”, “lie” and “to me” commands, you can begin to study other basic commands.

Explore the possibilities of more advanced dog training. The Bichon Frize breed is well trained and can easily go beyond the basic training. If you are interested in training a dog, then there are various options for learning more advanced skills with it.

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