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Blue nightingale

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Luscinia cyane (Pallas, 1776)

Signs The smallest of nightingales. The male's entire top is distinctly blue, with a black mask on its “face”. The female on top is olive, with a blue tint, most pronounced on the tail and nuft, whitish below, with darkening and a faint scaly pattern on the chest and sides. Male and female are distinguished from the bluetail by the absence of a clear red color on their sides, a pure white bottom, a black mask, slightly rounded and shorter tail and longer legs. In autumn, the color is generally the same as in spring.
Young in a nesting outfit look like a female, dark brown on the top, but with buffy mottles, whitish-buffy on the bottom, with a fuzzy scaly pattern, already have a blue color on the tail, look like young blue-tails, differ from them in a clear reddish rim on the large tops wing, short rounded tail. After molting, they look like an adult female. Young males in autumn have a faint blue coating on top, especially on the shoulders, nadhvyl and tail, there is a weak scaly pattern on the chest. By spring, young ones become similar to adults, but the blue color is more dull for both males and females, a weak scaly pattern on the chest can remain, there is no blue on the wing, it remains olive-brown from last summer, there is a buffy streak on the wing.
Vote. The song is whistling, unhurried. The volume and tone of the different elements of the song are different. Different phrases alternate with pauses in a few seconds: loud “tsil-dyu-dyu-du-dyu”, “pritu-prityu-prit”, loud “tsli-tspi-tsli-tsli-grsh”, “til-til-til- til-til ”and quiet“ qi-qi-qi-qi-qi ”. In pauses at close range, a very quiet “tick, tick, tick” is heard. ". There is a resemblance to the singing of a thick-billed scum, in contrast to it, the song of the blue nightingale contains two-syllable elements and there are no loud fast trills. It differs from a brown stick song by the presence of two-syllable elements and the “nightingale” timbre. When singing, the male is held in the thick of foliage of shrubs and trees, and only sometimes - openly. Sing at different times of the day, but mainly at dusk. The singing season is quite short, with the hatching of the chicks it almost stops. Signals of concern - a sharp "chock, chock." ", As well as dry clicking, tickling, there are snippets of songs. *

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South of the Far East and Siberia, west - to the Tomsk region. Within our region there are few, sometimes ordinary species. Highlights are known far west. *

Birds are very secretive, kept in the thicket of thickets near the ground. Often twitch the tail, especially with anxiety. They arrive very late, in the beginning - in the middle of June. Nesting habitats are dark coniferous or mixed, less deciduous forests with the indispensable presence of dense coniferous undergrowth and rich undergrowth, as a rule, are damp. They love urems along rivers and streams, decays, forested beams and other hilly reliefs.
The nest is usually well hidden in the bushes, among brushwood, tree roots, in overhanging grass. It is arranged quite primitively - in the form of a bowl casually folded from moss (there are many of it), half-ripened tree leaves, bast fibers, thin branches, grass, needles, sometimes with inclusions of wool. Nests can be located shallow in the cavities of rotten valine and stumps. In clutch of 4-6 eggs (up to 7) monophonic blue or greenish-blue color, without streaks. Egg sizes 18-21 x 11-15 mm. The female incubates, 12-13 days. He sits tight, lets close, after which he flies silently and does not appear for a long time. The chicks are covered from above with dark gray down, the mouth is orange-yellow, with pale yellow beak ridges. They sit in the nest for 11-14 days, both adult birds feed them. Parents at the nest are cautious and secretive; on the other hand, when breeding fledges, they are very restless and actively withdraw. Food - a variety of insects and other invertebrates, collected mainly on earth. Juicy berries are also eaten. Fly off early in August, winter in the southeast. Asia. *

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