Description: the genus unites 8 species growing in the forest zone of the Northern Hemisphere. On the territory of Russia there are three species: the prince colera (A. macropetala), Siberian (A. sibirica) and Okhotsk (A. ochotensis). Of foreign species in culture, the Alpine prince (A. alpina) is most often grown.
Shrub creepers with woody stems clinging to a support with curling leaf stalks. Leaves twice or thrice unpaired. The flowers are single, axillary, up to 10 cm in diameter, drooping, wide-bell with petal-shaped sepals. Numerous, fluffy, with a long cirrus pubis fruits are collected in the head.
Princes and clematis belong to the family of buttercups. They are so similar that some nerds rank them as one genus - Clematis. The only difference between the plants is that the prince’s flowers have small and almost invisible petals, bordered from below by large, brightly colored cup leaves. Clematis, on the other hand, has no petals at all, but there is only a cup of 4-8 leaves, differently colored in different species, which we take for the flower itself.
The first mention of species of the genus Atragene in the collection of the botanical garden of St. Petersburg is found in the catalog of 1816: A. alpina L. (1816, 1852—1977, ?—2002), A. ochotensis Pall. (? 1816, 1852-1879, 1909-1915 - brought by V.L. Komarov, until 1934-1936, 1947-1967). Until 1852, they began to grow and A. macropetala (Ledeb.) Ledeb. (until 1852-1865, until 1935-1963). From 1858 to the present, in open ground is constantly growing A. sibirica L. (= A. alpina var. Sibirica (L.) S. K. Schneid.) (1858-2005).
Over the years, garden catalogs in the open ground mentioned garden forms of A. alpina: f. flore albo (1881—1926, 1957— 1962), f. flore rubro (1881—1927), f. albida (1870—1910). A. koreana (Com.) Com. It was grown in the nursery in 1950–1956 and 1959–1962, but it was probably not hardy.
As you know, no one argues about tastes, but princes are more elegant than clematis, even small-flowered ones. Their translucent “floating” flowers are not yet appreciated by our gardeners. Abroad, for example, in Canada, princes are being selected. Some of the forms and varieties were brought to our country, for example, soft lilac 'Maidwell hall'(A.macropetala' Maidwell Holl '), pale pink'Markhams Pink'(A. macropetala' Markham's Pink '),'Razi O'Gredy'(A. macropetala' Rosy O'Grady), purple-violet 'Teage lundell'(A ochotensis' Tage Lundell '), white'White columbine'(And alpina' White Columbine '). In the conditions of central Russia, they are winter-hardy. By the way, these plants most often go on sale under the name "clematis".
|Prince alpine - Atragene alpina L.|
The habitats of the prince of Alpine are forests and shrubs along river banks and rocky cliffs of Central Europe. The Alpine prince successfully grows in the Baltic countries and south of St. Petersburg right up to the steppe zone. Photophilous mesophyte, microtherm, mesotroph, assector of bushes. In a culture in the botanical gardens of Europe. It is protected in reserves.
Photo by Irina Mersiyanova
This is a liana rising up to 3 m in height, attached by long twisting petioles to a support and hanging from it with dense garlands. Leaves are triple or two-triple, l sources 2-5 cm long, pointed at the apex and serrated and serrated along the edge. Flowers, consisting of large four sepals and small petals, sit on thin pedicels. They are wide-bell-shaped in shape, 2-6 cm in diameter, azure blue or violet-goal of poor color. Each sepal has an ovoid-elliptical shape with a point at the end. Outside and along the edge they are slightly pubescent. The petals themselves are two times smaller than the sepals, have a scapular shape to less decorative or even completely invisible against the background of bright, beautifully colored sepals. The prince Alpine blooms in May and June. Numerous fluffy fruit collected in the head ripens in August-September. It has varieties (forms) with pink and white flowers.
In GBS since 1967, 1 sample (1 specimen) was grown from seeds brought from natural habitats. At 27 years old, the length of the lashes is 4.2 m. It grows from early May to early October. The growth rate is high. It blooms from late May to early July. The fruits ripen in late August and early September. It freezes to the snow level every year, grows well. Seed germination of 17%. Rooted cuttings of 67%. Recommended for landscaping Moscow in sunny, well protected from the wind places. Need support.
Varieties with flowers of various colors were obtained.
'Pink flamingo'(' Pink Flamingo ') - a liana 2-3 m high, flowers pink, drooping 6-7 cm long. Abundant flowering in April-June, repeated single flowers in July-August. The first group of cropping.
'Pamela Jackman'(' Pamela Jackman ') - a vine 2-3 m high, blue-violet flowers, drooping, 4-5 cm long. Flowering on last year's shoots in May. The first group of cropping.
'Willie'(' Willy ') —liana 2-3 m high, flowers from white to saturated pink, drooping, 5 cm long. Abundant flowering in May. The first group of cropping.
Photo Pyzhikova Irina
'Francis reavis’('FrancisRivis') —liana 2-3 m high, flowers blue, drooping with long (5-8 cm) petals. Blooms profusely in May-June. The first group of cropping.
It grows better in shade and partial shade (northern exposure), especially in southern areas where it suffers from drought (even when watering). Shoots for the winter should be shortened. Propagate it with seeds, layering, cuttings, both lignified and summer. Seeds sown in October in the greenhouse sprout in June.
It is recommended for vertical gardening of low objects, fences and tree trunks, planting among stones (for rock gardens). Deserve widespread in the more northern regions of the Russian Federation. In culture since 1792.
|The prince is large - Atragene macropetala|
Homeland - Eastern Siberia, the Far East, China, Korea, where it is found on the forest edges of coniferous and deciduous forests. The culture is very rare. It grows even on the Kola Peninsula in the Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden, but its culture is more reliable south of St. Petersburg.
Has the most intensely colored flowers. They consist of four oblong, up to 5 cm long, covered with soft hairs of blue-purple, and before blooming even black-purple sepals and numerous linear-shaped blue-purple petals of almost the same length with sepals. This prince blooms in May-June, and the fruits ripen in July-August. Propagated also by seeds and cuttings, the rooting of which is more than 50%. In the photo above, the sort of 'Lagoone'.
Many varieties are known, bred mainly in Canada. In the conditions of the Moscow Region, it is characterized by active growth, it blooms very abundantly on last year's shoots in May and early June. Varieties with different colors of flowers were obtained from it.
'Estrella'(' Estrella ') —liana 3-4 m high, blue flowers, with a double corolla, drooping, 4-5 cm long. Blooms profusely on last year's shoots in May-June, individual flowers appear throughout the summer. The first group of trimming (regulatory). Winter-hardy.
'Memm'(Mett') - liana 3-4 m high, white flowers, with a double rim, drooping, 4-5 cm long. Abundant flowering on last year's shoots in May-June, individual flowers appear throughout the summer. The first group of cropping.
'Rosie O ‘Grandi'(' Rosy O'Grandy ’) - a vine 2-3 m high, pink, drooping flowers, 4-5 cm long. Abundant flowering on last year's shoots in May-June, individual flowers appear throughout the summer. The first group of cropping.
'Maidwell hall'(' Maidwell Hall ') - a vine 2-3 m high, blue-violet flowers, drooping, 4-5 cm long. Abundant flowering on last year's shoots in May-June, individual flowers appear throughout the summer. The first group of cropping.
'Jean Lindmark'(' Jan Lindmark ') —liana 2-3 m high, flowers blue, bell-shaped, drooping, 4-5 cm long. Abundant flowering on last year's shoots in May-June, individual flowers appear throughout the summer. The first group of cropping.
'White swan'(' White Swan ') —liana 2-3 m high, flowers white, narrow, drooping, 3-4 cm long. Abundant flowering on last year's shoots in May-June, individual flowers appear throughout the summer. The first group of cropping.
Photos of Irina Mersiyanova
|Prince Okhotsk - Atragene ochotensis Pall.|
It grows in Eastern Siberia, Primorye, China and North Korea, found in coniferous and deciduous forests at an altitude of 600-800 m, often on rocky slopes.
Shrub vine. It reaches 3 m in length, triple-foliate leaves have long petioles, and flowers up to 8 cm in diameter have a wide-bell-shaped form, consist of 4-8 violet-blue or azure soft-pubescent sepals outside and a linear form of pubescent and much shorter petals. Flowers appear in June, the fruits ripen in late July - in September.
This is the most decorative view of the princes, which can be cultivated up to the latitude of St. Petersburg. When propagated by cuttings, more than 50% are rooted. In the Foto Atragene ochotensis 'Tage Lundell'.
In SakhKNII since 1963, growing on the ridges of the second section. It blooms from the second half of May, 2-3 weeks, the seeds ripen in August. With winter sowing, seedlings were noted in late June - early July. It blooms in the third year after emergence.
In GBS since 1962 (from Sakhalin), growing in partial shade. With winter sowing, seedlings are observed in early June. It blooms in the third year after emergence. With winter sowing, seedlings were noted in early June. It blooms in the fourth year after emergence. It blooms in May. Fruits in late July. It blooms in St. Petersburg in June (Shulgina, 1955).
In folk medicine it is used as a cardiac remedy (Kurentsova, 1954).
The prince is appropriate in parks in semi-shady places with regularly fertile fertile soil.
Photo by Mikhail Polotnov
|Prince of Siberia— Atragene sibirica L.|
It grows in coniferous and deciduous forests from Karelia to the upper Volga and eastern Urals, in Siberia, in the Pamir and Tien Shan mountains. It prefers forest edges and coastal thickets, rocky slopes and rocky sediments. This is a beautiful liana of the Siberian taiga. Photophilous mesophyte, gecko-microtherm, mesotroph, assector of undergrowth and thickets of shrubs. It is protected in reserves. In a culture in the botanical gardens of Europe.
The stems of the prince of Siberia rise on a support to a height of 3 m, entwining it with petioles of leaves, dark green on top and pale green on the lower side. The flowers are large, have the appearance of a wide drooping bell 3-4 cm long, with white and yellowish-white sepals, covered with soft hairs. At the end of flowering, the prince does not lose its decorative effect, since original fruits appear on the plant. In appearance, it is similar to the two previous species, which differs in large sizes, the color of the flowers, in addition, the flowering time: the prince of Alpine blossoms in the spring, the prince of Okhotsk in early summer, the prince of Siberia in the middle of summer, sometimes again in autumn. Their combined use allows you to create beautiful flowering compositions of the same appearance, but with different flowering periods and different colors. Cuttings give a high percentage of rooting. Seeds sown in April after stratification sprout in about a month.
In GBS, since 1955, 3 samples (7 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from botanical gardens and brought from natural habitats. At 11 years old, the length of the lash is 3.5 m. It grows from 3.V ± 7 to 7.X ± 17 for 157 days. The growth rate is high. It blooms from 24.V ± 3 to 6.VII ± 42 for 43 days. Fruits in 2 years, the fruits ripen on 31. VIII ± 18. It freezes to the snow level every year, grows well. Rooted cuttings of 75% when treated with a 0.01% solution of IMC for 16 hours. Recommended for landscaping Moscow in sunny, well protected from the wind places. Need support.
Photo by Olga Bondareva
|Among the underutilized so far, it can be noted: prince american (Atragene americana Sims) - with purple or blue-purple flowers, native to North America, prince korean (Atragene koreana Cat.) - with yellow-violet flowers, native to Korea.|
Location: princes are photophilous, but in the sunshine flowers and leaves fade. Therefore, when choosing a site for their cultivation and for permanent placement, you should highlight places that are sunny or slightly obscured during the hot season. If this is a slope, then it must be east, southeast, south or southwest and its slope should not exceed 50 °. Plantings should be protected from the winds, since the stems of the princes, and large flowers are very delicate and can also be damaged by the wind. The prince is winter-hardy, even in the north of the European part of Russia, he hibernates without shelter.
The soil: this plant is very unpretentious, can grow on any soil, except for waterlogged and marshy, but it is desirable that it be light, loose, permeable, with good drainage. Loamy, slightly alkaline or neutral, fertile soil is best suited for princes.
Atragene 'Rozy o'Grady'
Photo of Mersiyanova Irina
Atragene alpina 'willi'
Photo of Tkachenko Kirill
Atragene 'Ballet Skirt'
Photo by Yuri Bazhenov (Green Line)
Prince Macropetal 'Lagoone'
Photo by Irina Mersiyanova
Prince Macropetal, seeds
Photo of Marina Bakulina
Landing: it is better to plant the prince in the spring. It is necessary to begin with the preparation of landing pits. Their size should be 60 x 60 x 60 cm. Before planting, 5-8 kg of humus, rotted manure or compost, 50 g of granular superphosphate, 2-3 cups of wood ash are introduced into the pit. If the soil is acidic, add 50-100 g of hydrated lime. Broken bricks with a layer of 10-15 cm, crushed stone, vermiculite are placed at the bottom of the pit for drainage. The distance between the pit and the foundation of the building or fence should not be less than 30 cm. In the middle zone and to the north, the best time for planting is May, and in the fall - the end of August and September. The soil is prepared for spring planting in the fall, and for the autumn planting - a month before planting. The distance between very tall plants should be at least 150 cm, and plants of smaller and less growing species are planted at a distance of 70-100 cm. It is better to plant two-year-old rooted cuttings and seedlings that tolerate transplanting. Before planting, all shoots above the first or second pair of buds are cut off. The fragile roots of the prince often break when planting. The broken parts must be cut off, and the remaining ones should be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and sprinkled with crushed charcoal or ash. A mound of earth is poured at the bottom of the pit and the roots are spread on it. Then they are covered with damp earth. Then the earth is compacted, watered and mulched. The root neck during planting should be deepened by 5-10 cm for young seedlings and 10-12 cm for adult plants. On heavy soils, it is buried by 5-8 cm, on light soils it is slightly larger. This protects the root collar in the north from freezing, and in the south from overheating in the summer. From infection with fungal diseases, the root neck is sprinkled with a layer of sand (bucket) mixed with wood ash (250 g), crushed charcoal and watered with a 0.25% solution of potassium permanganate. If buds appear in the first year after planting, then for better plant engraftment they should be removed.
Care: watered after 7-10 days, so that the soil is soaked to a depth of 40-50 cm. 2-3 days after irrigation, the soil is loosened to preserve moisture. In extreme heat, you need to water two or three times a week, and also do not forget how to water in the winter. Fertilizing on household plots is carried out at least twice a month. The first top dressing is carried out at the beginning of shoot growth and during budding, the subsequent after flowering and pruning. From organic fertilizers, urea (10 g per 10 l of water), mullein (1:10), bird droppings (1:15) are introduced in liquid form. Of mineral fertilizers, full fertilizers (10–20 g per 10 liters of water) or nitroammophoska (10 g per 10 liters of water) are introduced. In the northern regions, at the end of summer, 2-3 glasses of ash should be brought under each bush. Before fertilizing the plants should be watered. Non-root top dressing is possible by spraying the leaves with a weak solution of urea in the spring and full mineral fertilizer in the summer. To avoid drying out of the soil, it should be mulched with peat, vermiculite, sawdust or wood chips with a layer of 3-5 cm. It is very important to attach plants to the support for proper growth, this helps to avoid mechanical damage and disease. In snowless winter, preventive shelter with spruce spruce branches is desirable.
Diseases and pests:
Powdery Mildew Most common in the south, it affects all parts of the plant. A white cobwebous coating appears on the leaves, the leaves and shoots turn brown and dry.Control measures: collecting fallen leaves, pruning diseased shoots and burning them, processing is recommended.
Rust. It also affects all the aerial parts of the plant, on which reddish-yellow spots are formed - bloating. Control measures: spraying with a suspension of poly-carbacin or topsin-M (0.1-0.2%) and the same drugs as in the fight against powdery mildew.
Brown spotting. Only leaves are affected, on which brown or white spots with a purple border are formed, and black dots appear on the surface of the spots. The defeat of shoots begins with young leaves and can lead to the death of the entire aerial part of the plant. Control measures: to combat brown spotting in the early spring and late autumn, the plant is treated with copper or iron sulfate (0.1%), Bordeaux mixture (0.5-1%), copper soap emulsion (0.2-2%), topsin -M (0.1-0.2%), the affected plants are completely cut off and burned, the earth around them is sprayed with a 0.2% solution of baseazole or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Gall Nematode. Forms on the roots of swelling. Control measures: it is recommended that the soil be treated with a nematogon or carbotion 30-40 days before planting.
Slugs and snails. Damage the leaves. Control measures: it is necessary to collect pests and destroy the eggs laid by them, spraying the soil with metaldehyde (0.5-1.5%).
Mealybug. Damages leaves and shoots. Against it, it is effective to spray karbofos (0.3%).
Mice and rats. Leaves, stems, shoots and roots eat and gnaw. Control measures: to prevent damage to plants by mice, rats, hares, plants are covered with fir spruce for the winter.
Reproduction: most often seeds and cuttings. Seeds are mixed with sand in a ratio of 1: 3. The mixture is moistened and carried out under snow or in a refrigerator with a temperature of about 5 ° C. This technique reduces the time for germination. So, without stratification, the prince of Alpine from sowing to seedlings lasts up to 250 days, and with stratification, its duration is less than 70 days.
Seeds are sown in pots or boxes with a mixture of earth and sand in a ratio of 2: 1. Crops are rolled up, two diameters of seed are covered with sand in a layer, again rolled, watered, covered with glass. Crops are kept in a warm room. Seeds with fast germination can be sown in ridges in May. For sowing and picking, which is carried out in the stage of 3-4 pairs of leaflets, ridges are prepared from a mixture of 2 parts of turfy land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of leafy land and 0.5 parts of sand and peat. The distance between the dive plants should be 3-4 cm, between the rows 25-30 cm. The picks are shaded and watered as necessary. Aisles are loosened and mulched with a layer up to 3 cm after the appearance of new 2-3 pairs of leaves. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place either next fall or spring after wintering. When transplanting, the root neck should be deepened by 2-3 cm. For the winter, the plants are cut and spud, covered with snow. The most promising for breeding princes is considered vegetative propagation.
In the middle lane bush division it is better to spend in the spring in April, before the start of the growing season. Bushes of 5-6 years of age with a large number of shoots are dug up with a lump and, trying not to damage the root system, they are divided into several plants, so that each of them has roots and buds of renewal. Then the plants are planted in holes with fertile soil, deepening the first shoot node to a depth of 8-10 cm. The number of new plants depends on the degree of development of the uterine bush.
When breeding layering in the spring, several grooves are dug in the radial direction from the bush to a depth of 5-10 cm, the length corresponding to the length of rooted shoots. The shoots are laid in the grooves and covered with earth. The end of the shoot is brought out. Layers are watered and fed. After a year, rooted layers are separated from the parent plant. They are cut between nodes into separate plants, which, after planting, can bloom in the very first year.
Breeding princes by cuttings gave the best results when taking cuttings in late June - early July. Rooting is carried out in greenhouses. The substrate is a layer of expanded clay 10-15 cm. It must be covered with 7-8 cm washed river sand. Greenhouses are closed with film frames. The best conditions for rooting are created if the substrate is heated and dosed watered. The temperature of the substrate and air should be 20-25 ° C. For cuttings using the middle part of the shoot with one or two nodes. An oblique cut is made under the knot and a 3–6 cm long shoot is left. The cuttings are planted at a distance of 5–10 cm, the buds should be 2-3 mm deep. Good results are obtained when treating cuttings with a growth stimulant - a solution of indolylbutyric acid (IMA) at a concentration of 0.01% with an exposure of 16 hours. Under such conditions, rooting from 50 to 100% of the cuttings was obtained. Without treatment, the rooting percentage is also high - 50-70%. Rooting of princes lasts 20-30 days. To bring rooted cuttings to independent development, another season is needed, so they are transplanted into containers (pots or plastic bags) installed in a greenhouse. Top cuttings are mulched with a layer of 4-5 cm and watered.
Using: for vertical gardening. Princes can be used to create trellises and trellises. Light, transparent, beautiful and at the same time comfortable and durable supports enhance the decorative effect, emphasize the decorative merits of plants. On such supports, the princes look like blooming hanging carpets. Curly princes take up little space when planting and can be planted where trees or shrubs cannot be planted. Their long, leafy shoots with varied color of leaves, many magnificent color and size of flowers and original silver fruits can decorate large areas, providing shade, protection from sunlight and dust.
April. Sowing in the greenhouse, watering. Reproduction by dividing the bush, layering. Transplanting propagated plants.
May. Sowing, watering. Planting seedlings in a permanent place. Loosening and mulching the soil with peat, vermiculite. Garter plants in the open ground.
June. Pick of seedlings, watering. Shading Cuttings are taken for rooting. Plant nutrition and transplantation is carried out. Garter plants to the support.
July. Cuttings are taken for rooting. Rooted cuttings are transplanted into containers. Mulch, water, add top dressing. Shading the base of the shoots. Garter plants to the support.
August. Planting seedlings and grafted plants in a permanent place. Watering, top dressing.
September. Preparation of the site for spring planting: plowing, fertilizing, leveling, placement of supports, preparation of planting pits. Preparing planted plants for winter. Digging the site, the introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers.
October. Pruning plants to soil level. Hilling by land, peat. After the first frosts, if necessary, shelter the plants with spruce branches, then with snow.
November. Bookmark seeds for stratification. Autumn sowing of non-stratified seeds in the greenhouse.
L. Plotnikova "Books and Clematis" // "In the world of plants" - 2002 - No. 6
L. Plotnikova "Clematis, princes" - M .: Armada-press - 2001
|the conditions of Transbaikalia with snowless winters and frosts of -40 or more are very difficult to grow various crops, but my yellow prince makes me happy for many years, I grew it from seeds, and now I planted a blue one and came by mail from Chelyabinsk to see what happens|
This year, unfortunately, even under a thick layer of snow the prince with yellow flowers died out, seemingly referred to on bags with seeds as clematis tangutsky, I don’t know whether this name is true or not. Prior to this, the plant successfully grew for 3 years, blooming plentifully on young shoots growing from dirt after winter with large 4-petal, yellow flowers. The stems of this plant died off in the winter. But 2 other species of princes growing next to it, with blue-violet and smaller, creamy flowers, successfully perimezed and grow on the shoots of last year. The fallen species was taken from a florist from Belarus, who claimed that it was an almost difficult to eradicate, unpretentious weed, and the other two were brought from St. Petersburg.
Botanical characteristics of the prince
Prince Siberian - Atragene sibirica L. (Atragene speciosa Weinm.) - a woody vine from the family of buttercups (Ranunculaceae), rising upwards on the trunks and branches of trees and shrubs by 1-4 meters. Stems are climbing or creeping, thin, furrowed, pubescent. The leaves are opposite, usually two-three-membered, with long pubescent petioles. It is with the petioles that the plant wraps around the support and rises up. Leaflets are lanceolate or elliptic, 2-5 cm long and 0.8-2 cm wide, pointed at the apex, unequally serrated and serrated along the edge, dark green above, pale green below, pubescent along the veins.
The flowers are large, solitary, drooping, located on long pubescent peduncles emerging from the axils of the leaves. A cup of four white or yellowish petal sepals 2.5 to 5 cm long. Corolla of 4-12 petals similar in shape and color to sepals, but 2-4 times shorter. The stamens are numerous in each flower, sepals are equal in length, their threads are expanded, densely pubescent with long hairs. In addition to normally functioning stamens with anthers, there are abnormal stamens without anthers, the so-called staminodynia. There are a lot of pistils in each flower, they are with an upper ovary and long columns that increase after fertilization and remain with the fruits.
It blooms in June - August. The fruits ripen in July - September. The fruit is a lot of nibs. Separate small fruit-nuts are carried by the wind, long pinnate pillars serve as a sail.
The spread of the prince of Siberia
Prince Siberian - a plant of the temperate zone of Eurasia. Only the southernmost part of its range extends beyond Russia to China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan and Central Asia. In our country, distributed in Siberia and in the north-east of the European part of Russia.
It grows in deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests, on the edges, rocky slopes, rocks, in coastal shrubs along rivers and streams. In the mountains it rises up to the subalpine belt, where it is often found among thickets of cedar dwarf elf.
Prince - a highly ornamental plantworthy of breeding. Unfortunately, this is fraught with considerable difficulties, so the plant is cultivated mainly in botanical gardens.
The prince is the strongest insecticide: its water or alcohol infusion, as well as dust from dry leaves, have a detrimental effect on ants, bedbugs, lice and other insects.
The medicinal value of the prince and methods of therapeutic use of the prince of siberia
For therapeutic purposes, the prince of Siberia has long been used in Tibetan medicine. This plant is very often mentioned in Zhudshi, the classic source of Tibetan medicine.
Tibetan doctors believed that the diseases cured by the prince of Siberia did not recur, and they greatly appreciated this plant as an agent against tumors. Later, the prince's antitumor activity and its antibacterial properties were experimentally proven.
The infusion of prince grass is an excellent wound healing, restorative and stimulating agent. Pour 1 teaspoon of dry chopped grass with 1 cup of boiling water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
The plant was also much appreciated in Mongolian medicine, where it was used for dropsy, edema, and liver diseases, as a wound healing and stimulating agent, for female diseases and cancerous tumors.
The prince of Siberia is also used in Russian folk medicine (mainly in the eastern regions) with heart weakness, headache, dizziness, pulmonary tuberculosis, flu, colds, diarrhea, and metabolic disorders, as a means of strengthening and improving eyesight. Outwardly used for paralysis and rheumatism.
However, care should be taken in treating this plant. Its grass is slightly poisonous. Drugs from the prince of Siberia stimulate cardiac activity like caffeine.
Given the poisonous prince, you should not take it in self-medication - this can lead to poisoning.
The prince of Siberia is an unusually beautiful perennial vine, which is quite adapted to the local climate. Externally, the plant is similar to clematis, but not so picky and demanding in care. Belongs to the family of buttercups. In nature, the wild Siberian prince grows in coniferous and deciduous forests, it can also be found in the coastal zone or at the edge of the forest. He got his name for a reason, because his homeland is Siberia. Very often, the prince is called a shrubby vine, whose woody shoots reach 4 meters. The following symptoms are characteristic of it.
- Fragrant flowers, the smell of which fills everything around him. The diameter of the flower can reach 10 centimeters. It consists of 4-8 petals, which are ovoid or lanceolate. The inside of the flower is filled with numerous bright stamens.
- Unpaired leaves with serrated edges and cuttings. Due to the presence of serrated leaves, the creeper has the ability to creep and cling to the necessary supporting structure.
- Wide range of colors. The flower may be purple, pink, white or pale pink.
The period of abundant flowering of creepers falls in May-June. From mid-summer to early autumn, the prince also blooms, but not so violently. The seeds begin to ripen by the beginning of September. For those who decided to plant this plant at home, we hasten to note the fact that you need to contact it with extreme caution - it is poisonous.
Very important information is also that the prince of Siberia has excellent healing properties. The plant for several centuries is famous for its widespread use in medical practice.
Often I use it in the treatment of tumors, tuberculosis, pneumonia, epilepsy, liver diseases or for the restoration and normalization of metabolism in the body.
Despite its originality, the prince of Siberia is quite easy to propagate. There are several effective and efficient ways.
- Cuttings. A very popular method among experienced growers. New, young cuttings are cut from the vine. In the process of separating them, one must adhere to the basic rule - the cut angle must be oblique, that is, the length of the cut should be 2.5-3 centimeters. Each slice must have 2 separate nodes. Cuttings need to be planted under the film. The ideal time for landing is June. After about 3 weeks, they need to be watered and ventilated.
- Division of the root system. This method is possible only in the spring, when the plant has not yet begun to bloom. To do this, dig it and divide it into several parts. But be extremely careful - each separated part must have its own root system.
- Layering. This is one of the simplest and most commonly used methods. To multiply the prince in this way, it must be tied, pressed to the ground and dug. When it is visually seen that the root system of the stroke has grown and has begun to take root, it needs to be separated and transplanted to any convenient place.
- Growing from seeds. This option is used extremely rarely, since it is quite long. October is best suited for collecting prince seeds. The collected seeds are placed in a container with soil, which is then buried in the ground. In this state, the seeds remain throughout the winter.
With the advent of spring, a container with seeds needs to be dug up, and its contents should be transferred to another tank. It must be filled with a mixture, which should include sand and earth.When the seeds are moved to a new container, they need to be watered, covered with sand above and covered with glass. Only when the seedlings sprout, and each contains at least 3 leaves, can the plant be moved to the open ground.
Be prepared for the fact that the process of breeding the prince by seeds can take about 2 years.
Before deciding to plant such a plant, you need to study in detail not only the history and botanical description, but also the rules of planting and growing. After all, such a vine is hard to call an ordinary plant - a special approach is needed for the prince of Siberia.
- The first thing you need to decide on the grade. Experienced gardeners argue that the most preferred of all varieties of the prince of Siberia for cultivation at home is "Riga".
- It is worth choosing a place to land. The prince is not very whimsical to a place that will become his home. The plant feels great and grows both in the shade and in the sun. Of course, there are some nuances - if the plant is planted in a shaded place, the flowering period will last longer, and the buds themselves will be bright and saturated. But when exposed to direct sunlight, the flower will quickly fade.
- In a place designated for landing, you need to dig a hole, the width of which should be at least 60 centimeters. It is necessary to fill its bottom with drainage - crushed stone and crumb brick.
- Prepare the ground. The earth should be saturated with peat, humus, compost. Leaves and dry pine needles are great as compost.
Here are some useful tips to help organize your seat as correctly and competently as possible:
- during planting, be sure to observe the distance between the seedlings, it should be 1-1.5 meters,
- if the soil has high acidity, add lime, preferably slaked lime, to it
- the roots of the flower should be buried in the ground by no more than 10 centimeters,
- for planting in open ground, it is advisable to use seedlings that are at least 2 years old,
- To prevent fungal diseases, which affect the prince’s root system, you need to treat the roots before planting, for which you can use manganese and ash.
Stick to the above recommendations and follow the tips, and then you should not have any problems with landing.
Family Buttercups (Ranunculaceae)
the most common liana in the flora of Russia: distributed in Siberia, in the European part of Russia from the western Urals to Karelia
spring sowing requires 2-month stratification
• the most winter-hardy of the princes, in nature spreads on the ground and can withstand frosts down to -30 ° C,
• in the middle lane shoots lignified by a quarter of the length and can freeze, but are restored