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The need for vaccinations for kittens: is it necessary, possible and when?

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Evgenia Mikhailova • 05.24.2017

Vaccination is recognized as the most effective method of combating viral diseases. This applies to both people and pets. An organism prepared for a meeting with viral aggression does not become ill or suffers a disease without symptoms. This is because the immune system has already encountered this type of invasion during vaccination and its methods of control are ready.

The traditional way of transmitting viruses is by airborne droplets. A sick body, sneezing, sprays finely divided drops containing cells damaged by the virus. They are inhaled by a healthy body and infection occurs through the mucous membranes. While viruses common to humans and cats are rare, the transmission route is the same.

The oral-fecal way of catching the virus is common only among animals. A cat or dog sniffs or licks the feces of a sick animal and becomes infected.

Often, a domestic cat sees the street only from the window. Maximum - the animal is transported in a transport cage. In this situation, it is impossible to talk about contact with a sick animal. Therefore, many owners are interested in whether it is necessary to vaccinate a domestic cat.

How can a cat that does not go outside get sick

In many diseases, the observed clinical picture is the same: the animal sits with its muzzle down, its eyes narrowed, its nose is hot, there was diarrhea or vomiting, and the cat refuses to eat. These symptoms are characteristic of many diseases. Students who are in practice in a veterinary clinic were asked to compile a list of diseases suitable for such an anamnesis. It turned out to be 56 positions. If internal non-communicable diseases that occur in this way give owners time to diagnose, then in case of infection with the virus they have to cherish every hour. It's about choosing between life and death. According to statistics from veterinary clinics, a viral infection takes first place in the list of causes of death of pets.

A quick diagnosis is not always possible. There are simply no necessary devices and specialists in the province. In large cities, they test for a viral disease, but it takes time, which can be hopelessly lost. If the animal is vaccinated and the owner has the necessary documents in his hands, the veterinarian will rule out the possibility of the disease and focus on identifying the true cause of the disease.

When treating an unvaccinated cat in the absence of the ability to conduct a laboratory examination, the doctor is forced to prescribe antiviral therapy among the necessary drugs. This creates an unnecessary burden on the immune system and translates into a serious amount for owners. And at this moment they always have the question: “How could a cat that was not on the street get infected?”

The first and most common way to get a viral infection is to sniff the shoes of the owners. In the autumn-spring period, viruses show increased vitality, actively migrating on the sole of shoes with the remains of excrement of healthy and sick animals. Even if the shoes are stored in the vestibule, where the cat does not go, the risk of slippers slipping into the place where the shoes stood is always preserved.

The second chance to bring the virus into the house is associated with receiving it from the owners of a sick animal. At the first symptoms of the disease, the cat still does not lose activity. She can wipe herself on the bags and coats of her masters, leaving viral traces. Owners of a sick animal will then “share” the infection with others in a minibus or subway, and in slushy weather the virus will reach its destination in excellent shape. Especially risky in this regard are veterinary pharmacies and pet stores. You came to buy a toy for your kitten, and your neighbor, in turn, at the cash desk stands behind the antiviral medications for your animal.

All cats love to chew grass. You can buy it at a pet store and arrange a salad bed on your windowsill for your pet. Many owners prefer to pick grass in the flowerbed or in the country. The risk of bringing along with grass and infection is very high.

A visit to a veterinary clinic with a healthy cat or an ill cat is also fraught with the risk of catching a viral infection. The examination table after the patient is treated with means that ensure sterility. But there is also a line in front of the office. Here, unfortunately, you can find any “cocktail” for an unvaccinated animal.

What vaccinations do domestic cats

Each vaccine manufacturer is developing its own immunization product for domestic cats. More often, the vaccine contains several viruses that are not capable of reproduction. Proper use of the drug allows you to get a stable immunity to these types of diseases.

The most common cat-specific viral diseases are panleukopenia, herpesvirus, and calicivirosis. They start the same way: the animal is oppressed, refuses food. All vaccines on the market are used to prevent disease.

  • Panleukopenia - This is one of the most serious viral diseases. It is associated with a decrease in white blood cell count, may be accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea. The temperature rises in the first days. Immediately, the animal releases cells infected with the virus into the environment and is able to infect other cats. Without adequate and timely treatment, death occurs in almost 100% of cases. Especially young animals are susceptible to disease.
  • Calicivirosis - the name "calcivirus" or "calicovirus" is found, it affects the mucous membranes of the body. Diagnosed by ulcers in the tongue, but they may not be. Characteristic increase in temperature, outflow from the eyes, salivation. Without medical support, the risks of death are very high. More often than not, the cat remains a virus carrier.
  • Rhinotracheitis - herpes virus - looks similar to acute respiratory viral infections in humans. The cat sneezes, shows interest in the bowl, but does not respond to food. The animal may experience vomiting and diarrhea. The disease is fraught with complications and often becomes chronic.

Species-specific viral infections are not dangerous for humans, dogs, birds and small rodents. Viruses are highly resistant and can be stored on upholstered furniture, things and carpets for a long time. If an unvaccinated animal died as a result of the disease, then you can take another cat only after a vaccination cycle.

Sometimes patients are interested in which vaccine is the best. The market includes preparations of domestic manufacturers, Czech, French and American pharmaceutical corporations. It is more correct to speak not about the quality of the vaccine, but about proper storage. It is more efficient to purchase a Russian vaccine in the nearest veterinary pharmacy, where the required temperature and humidity are provided during storage, than to take an expensive drug in an online store or with your hands.

Each manufacturer develops its own vaccination schedule, taking into account the amount of virus placed in the ampoule. Kittens of the first year of life are vaccinated twice with an interval of 14-28 days. In the future, you need to vaccinate once a year. Vaccination is best done in the month when the previous vaccination was made. After a year, the resistance to viral diseases decreases. The violated vaccination period is the reason to be vaccinated twice, as kittens do.

Do I need rabies vaccinations for domestic cats?

Rabies - rabies or rabies - one of the most dangerous diseases common to animals and humans. Rabies serum is effective in the initial stage. After the onset of symptoms, in most cases the body dies. Situations in which it was possible to achieve recovery were recorded somewhat over the entire time the virus was studied.

Infection occurs when saliva of a sick animal enters the bloodstream of a healthy animal. This happens with a bite. It is impossible to bring the virus with traces of excrement. To get infected, a domestic unvaccinated cat must be bitten by a rabies-infected animal, which is rare for modern cities and impossible for a cat not leaving the apartment.

Vaccination has helped to contain the deadly virus: wild rabies vaccine is fed to wildlife in the wild every year, which reduces the risks of rabies in the forest and suburban areas. Therefore, cases of detection in cities are sporadic.

As preventive measures, the rules for transporting pets in public transport apply. They differ in different countries, but the common point is the availability of rabies vaccine. The annual vaccination is stamped in the animal’s passport. Based on the document, a pet's ticket is issued. If there is no vaccination in advance, the animal will be denied transportation. Participation in exhibitions of unvaccinated animals is not possible.

Whether to vaccinate a pet against rabies or not, the owner decides on the basis of lifestyle. If the cat travels with the owners out of town or to the country, then the risk of contact with an infected animal increases. A rabies vaccine is necessary in this case.

Is it possible to vaccinate a domestic cat on my own

Despite the availability of vaccines on sale in veterinary pharmacies, it is not recommended to immunize an animal on its own. The veterinarian examines the animal before vaccination, and the owners conduct a course of antiparasitic measures prescribed by the doctor before immunization. Only a completely healthy cat that does not have fleas and helminths can develop immunity to viruses introduced. The doctor’s task is to assess the condition of the animal and decide whether it is possible to vaccinate.

Each vaccine contains strains of viruses that are unable to reproduce. In order to maintain them in the required amount, the vaccine must be kept at a certain cool temperature. It can not be warmed up or frozen. With improper storage, the quantitative and qualitative composition of the vaccine changes. When the contents of the vial enter the cat's body, the immune system does not recognize the virus and does not produce an adequate response. There is no benefit from vaccination with a vaccine that has been stored or transported incorrectly.

Many owners worry that their caudate family member is not healthy, his immune system will not cope with the virus that enters the body with the vaccine and he will become ill. Although there is no danger, a post-vaccination reaction is often observed. The animal may have a fever, vomiting or diarrhea, refusal to eat. The cat will be monitored by a veterinarian who vaccinated her.

The veterinarian will make a mark in the passport of the animal about the date of vaccination will enter the name of the drug. Such a document is very important in the life of an animal, even if it does not leave the apartment. In the future, if a disease occurs, the vaccination card will allow the doctor to receive information.

The decision whether to vaccinate domestic cats rests with the owner. The only vaccine against rabies is mandatory, but in the absence of control and registration of pets, control over vaccination of cats is not carried out.

The frequent reasons for refusing vaccination are the lack of awareness of the owners - many are sure that if the cat does not go out, then it cannot get sick, and it is an attempt to save. According to the estimates of veterinarians, one day of treatment for a viral infection costs 1.5-2 times more expensive than a single annual vaccination.

Do I need to do?

On this score, there are opposing opinions. But they come down to one thing: if a kitten will be released in the future for a walk on the street, or to participate in exhibitions, vaccinations are necessary. Someone says that domestic cats also need vaccinations, someone - that they do not have to do them at all. Anyway, if it was decided to vaccinate a cat, then she definitely needs to get these vaccinations:

  • Calicivirus
  • Panleukopenia virus (this disease is also called plague).
  • Rabies virus.
  • Herpesvirus.
  • Feline Leukemia
  • Infectious peritonitis.

Inoculation of a cat from all these diseases is extremely desirable. It is better to do it when the kitten is 9-12 weeks old. After a year, you need to revaccinate.

A cat needs vaccinations, even if she will spend her whole life in the same apartment. Moreover, to give a guarantee that she will never be forced to live on the street is unrealistic.

If in the future the kitten will walk on the street, or its owners plan to go or move to another state altogether, then he needs to be vaccinated against the leukemia virus and many other infections.

If from a cat or kitten, which in the future will become a kitten, and in the future it is expected to have offspring from him and participate in exhibitions, then you need to be vaccinated against 4 of the above infections, as well as from leukemia and chlamydia.

If a stray animal has been selected for which the history of vaccination is unknown and whether it has been vaccinated in general, it is strongly recommended to take an analysis for the titer of antibodies to panleukopenia.

Benefits

  • The benefit of vaccinations is that antibodies are created in the cat's body to diseases of an infectious nature.
  • Correctly and timely vaccination against panleukopenia will give the cat a lifelong immunity from this infection.
  • Owner safety is also an important factor. Not all cat diseases are safe for humans.
  • Even if a cat who has been vaccinated gets sick, the disease is much faster and with milder symptoms.
  • And it is important that vaccinating animals means improving the epidemiological situation in the region.
  • A kitten or cat can be freely taken outside the state in which the owner and cat are.
  • He can easily participate in exhibitions.
  • If you breed purebred cats, then you can only do this in the vaccinated state of the last of these.
  • If the mother is a cat vaccinated, then the first time kittens also have immunity, which they receive with mother's milk.
  • The owner’s inner calm that nothing will happen to the pet even from infections.
  • A vaccinated pet can be easily taken to the country and on vacation. And no problem to let out.

Disadvantages

  • Any vaccine contains weakened pathogens. Therefore, a negative reaction of the kitten to vaccination is possible. As, however, and man.
  • Vaccination in any case is a strong stress for the animal. Therefore, vaccination should not be given to sick animals. And absolutely any disease.
  • Until the vaccination course is completed, the animal must not be transported, change their place of residence, or subject to other stresses.
  • An allergic reaction is possible. It consists of the following symptoms: shortness of breath, defecation (involuntarily occurring), increased salivation, etc.
  • The material side of the issue.

Why is it necessary to set?

  • Firstly, an unvaccinated kitten is at risk of a huge number of diseases. And if the kitten was vaccinated, then even in the worst case, the symptoms will be much easier and a fatal outcome is unlikely.
  • Secondly, some diseases (rabies, toxocariasis, ringworm) are dangerous not only for animals, but also for humans.

And if you do not plan to let the animal out onto the street?

If, by the will of the owners, the animal is denied access to the street, this does not mean that he does not need vaccinations. After all, even the owners themselves or their guests can “bring” the infection to the house. On his shoes.

Unfortunately, a lot of stray animals walk along the streets. Some of them may be infected with some disease or be its carrier.

The causative agents of infection fall into the soil, and from the soil can be transported to the soles of people's shoes.

Training

A prerequisite that absolutely all veterinarians must necessarily fulfill is the treatment of the animal from parasites.

If the cat's body is infected with fleas or parasitic worms, the vaccine will have absolutely no effect.Including does not develop the necessary immunity, the purpose of which the vaccine is.

Spiridonova Nadezhda Viktorovna

Psychologist. Specialist from the site b17.ru

I didn’t do it for my cat; in the clinic they accepted him without any problems. Another thing is that now I want to take him out of the country, and doctors do not give, because there are no vaccinations at all. Kotu is 16 years old and doctors are already refusing to vaccinate. Now this is both a problem and a trouble, because I will not leave him alone here.

When my sister gave birth to a child, she obligated to take the cat to the vet. Sister wailed that my unvaccinated cat would infect a child. We went to the doctor, she said that the sister is raving, there is nothing to vaccinate with, and in general, if the cat does not go outside, goes to the filler, and not the sand brought from the street, does not contact other cats, then you can not vaccinate . Under the responsibility of the owner. Many people get vaccinated if they carry a cat from country to country because a document is required at the airport. I do not have a purebred cat. We live in Europe.

I don’t know habits, but worm pills must be given.

I don’t know what about the obligation, but I shared everything planned with him

I have a dog, I did not, pah-pah did not hurt for 10 years
and a neighbor’s dog was vaccinated against rabies, then they were treated for six months because of the vaccine

Kitten condition monitoring

It is advisable to monitor the condition of the baby are planned trips to the veterinarian. But you can check the condition of the kitten on your own, without waiting for a trip to the veterinarian (read the article about caring for the sphinx and fold, there you can find out more about the animal’s health status).

  1. Need to control it weight. The animal should not be overweight. This is best discussed with your veterinarian. But the simplest thing is to limit the cat's diet at the expense of the food that they get from the master's table and treats. If the owner prefers to give the cat food 3-4 times instead of two, then in addition to this, there should be active physical activity. For example, due to games with a kitten.
  2. Important to control the quality of the coat and skin of the animal. The coat should be equally smooth from head to tip of tail. If this is all right, then you need to push it in several places and check if there are any wounds or insect bites. If the quality of the coat cannot be called good, then you must certainly run to
    to the vet. Because it is either a disease or serious dietary deficiencies.
  3. Ear test. Be sure to check your cat’s ears from time to time. It is especially bad if sulfur in general and dark sulfur in particular are present. Most likely, this may indicate the presence of ticks in the ear.
  4. Eye check. The lower eyelid should be pink. Proteins should not have redness. There should be no dark discharge from the eyes.
  5. Checking teeth and gums. On the teeth, for example, there should be no tartar.

Related topics

I have a Briton! not a single vaccination has been done, he’s already 10 years old! Every summer we take everything out to the country for 3 months. pah-pah. )

we make our cats annually. Although they were never on the street.

Inoculations should not be done, they are not useful for health, and a cat will pick up nothing at home.
Guest 2 - you do not know how certificates in veterinary clinics buy?

Probably you can not do it if they are constantly at home and there are no other animals that have access to the street.
We vaccinate our own every year, because we take them to the village. There are cats and mice.
there are people who help homeless cats. They are caught, taken home for overexposure, treated, find a new home. So those cats that they picked up, they are quarantined. Because if the cat is sick, it will re-infect all healthy cats. Therefore, vaccinations are needed. As you can see, this is not an empty phrase.

I am guest 8, in pursuit - even though our cats do not leave the house, we give them an annual vaccine for the reason that you can bring anything to the house on shoes from the street. Ask any veterinarian.

Mine stay at home, but rabies vaccinations every year + necessarily every six months pills for worms.

I did it to my only once, when I picked it up from the street, and from worms, pills, and washed 3 times. Since then nothing since sitting at home.

I vaccinated my cat all the time (from rabies and depriving), but somehow I didn’t pay attention to the complex antiviral !! This summer, my beautiful girl ate a sick mouse in the country and died of a viral infection!

last year I first vaccinated my two cats (RABIES AND TRICAT — just an antiviral). In the autumn she took a new cat, after 2 weeks she got sick with calcivirosis: (I got enough in the bird market (people, don’t buy animals there! There are a lot of sores there). If the cats weren’t vaccinated, everyone would get sick. she did all vaccinations

A couple of hours ago I took an ordinary cat from the shelter. His mistress said vaccinations are mandatory. Only one is made. She is ready to come to the second one on her own, although I do not want this. After all, the cat will live only in the apartment.

Probably you can not do it if they are constantly at home and there are no other animals that have access to the street.
We vaccinate our own every year, because we take them to the village. There are cats and mice.
there are people who help homeless cats. They are caught, taken home for overexposure, treated, find a new home. So those cats that they picked up, they are quarantined. Because if the cat is sick, it will re-infect all healthy cats. Therefore, vaccinations are needed. As you can see, this is not an empty phrase.

Watching where and how the cats will live. I didn’t do it before, I really regret it now .. I took my to the country, got an infection, I didn’t immediately notice and understood what was happening. My cat is dead. Now I’ll be vaccinated.

When my sister gave birth to a child, she obligated to take the cat to the vet. Sister wailed that my unvaccinated cat would infect a child. We went to the doctor, she said that the sister is raving, there is nothing to vaccinate with, and in general, if the cat does not go outside, goes to the filler, and not the sand brought from the street, does not contact other cats, then you can not vaccinate . Under the responsibility of the owner. Many people get vaccinated if they carry a cat from country to country because a document is required at the airport. I do not have a purebred cat. We live in Europe.

We do our thing from kitten age on, and we will do rabies and integrated rabies.

Vaccinations are necessary, we’ll soon be vaccinated, only all teeth will be replaced, otherwise it’s not a hunt to plant vaccines in the “immune pit”. (their immune system weakens during a tooth change) And so that I don’t pick up anything from a niche of shoes or from a domestic dog, we melt glycopene, as the veterinarian said, the immunomodulator is good, I read about it before giving the kitten.
But then I will vaccinate anyway.

since brought home panleukopenia. with shoes to see. we vaccinate annually. multifel and from rabies. We don’t do watering, first of all it’s more difficult to bring home and not all this business is deadly.

We didn’t have any vaccinations, but the doctor advised in this case to drink at least a glycopene-good immunomodulator. We have a cat sitting at home from birth, do not go outside, but sometimes it sits on an unglazed balcony, so there is a chance of infection from birds (so at least our doctor said).

Yes, you can bring viral infections on yourself (http://www.zoovet.ru/text.php?news>

Now doctors are advising to vaccinate especially domestic cats, because their immunity is much weaker than the immunity of street cats. I vaccinate my own, they sit at home, but after both were ill with rhinotracheitis, I decided that I would vaccinate them and give glycopene to strengthen, he also immunity boosts well.

But I don’t know what to do .. I have 2 cats and one cat :( the cat is 2.5 years old, the cat is 7 years old and their son is 1 year old) .. Isn’t it too late for them to be vaccinated against panleukopenia? I'm afraid someone will bring anything on shoes .. They have never been to the veterinarian, except for the cat (it was sterilized)

and they don’t go outside

Can anyone oblige me to vaccinate a cat? The house cat walks into the filler.

I had a kitty, they did not vaccinate and did nothing! It was healthy! Died of her death from old age! The second cat was. They also did nothing, walked on the street and all that, lived for 10 years, never hurt! The car hit ((((So I again want to take a kitty and I don’t particularly want to vaccinate.

My kitten was vaccinated, and a week later he died of infection. Do not do these vaccinations.

I think this is done at the request of the owners of the animal. I have 2 thoroughbred cats inoculate both because I live on the 1st floor I'm afraid to bring an infection with myself. 2 times a year anthelmintic.

You can bring panleukopenia on shoes: ((((This is a very serious illness with a high mortality rate. And now, even in Russia, vaccines are free against rabies

We have a Siamese cat (domestic, occasionally led out to pick grass on the street) lived for 22 years. Not a single vaccine was given. Now we are going to have a Scottish fold, I will do it, because At home, a small child and a Scotch have a higher susceptibility to diseases, despite their large physique. In addition, we plan to leave, and without marks in the veterinary passport this is not possible.

They moved to live in the village for two years now. A local vetstation (state!) Provides rabies vaccinations to all animals in a row, free of charge. In the spring, the vets leave for the villages themselves and vaccinate all cats, dogs, goats, etc. from rabies in the field. Two male veterinarians work here with us, God bless them. We vaccinate our cat against rabies + multfel (this is a paid vaccination) against viral diseases, because the life of an animal in nature is full of dangers. Rabies can be carried by all wild animals from foxes and hedgehogs to crows and sparrows. Among domestic cats there are many rhinotracheitis, and mine fights with them almost every day. Once I overdue the cartoon and the cat coughed. I had to give injections to my beloved rhinotracheitis cat. A total of 20 pieces. Cefazolin, lobelon, immunofan. Puncture itself. Tormented. I have it, to put it mildly, not complaisant. So do not let things go by themselves, vaccinate, well, and to worm off, of course, do not forget.

We have 4 cats, from childhood we give them all vaccinations, at the age of 8 weeks, then after a month they did booster vaccination + from rabies. Now we are sure to do a comprehensive vaccine against viral diseases once a year. Since the cats never go outside, we feed only with dry food, we won’t go to shows anymore, so I decided not to make rabies this year. This vaccination with cats is more difficult to tolerate.

we already have three generations of ordinary cats, some of them with export to the country, some without
and pah-pah-pah without adventure
IMHO, this is unnecessary unnecessary stress for the cat

You should not do vaccinations, they are not useful for health, and a cat will not pick up anything at home. Guest 2 - you do not know how certificates are bought in veterinarians?

We have a domestic cat that didn’t go outside from Panleukopenia died .. vaccinations need to be done .. but we didn’t.

We do our own. "The cat does not leave home" is a dubious argument. You leave the house, and do not move around on balloons, but walk on very dirty ground / floor, and then bring all this to your house on shoes.

It all depends on the cat and not on vaccination, vaccination does not give a 100% guarantee that the cat will live longer. Vaccinations need to be done first and foremost for yourself if you are psychologically afraid of various diseases and viruses. But all the same, vaccines are, first and foremost, a chemical drug that, like all medicines, cannot pass without a trace.

Vaccinations need to be done! Read the details here: http://kotofey-club.ru/disease/miscellaneous-health/290-privivki-koshek-vakcinaciya.html

Rabies refers to blood infections. those. the virus must enter the bloodstream; rabies virus is not transmitted by airborne droplets. Therefore, if the animal sits at home without a chance and the probability of being bitten is "0", then he does not need any beer from rabies. And if the infection can be brought with the shoes, then it will remain there and will not enter the animal’s blood.

4 cats (9.8, 10 and 3 years) sit constantly at home, walk only on the loggias. They have never been vaccinated. While all the rules, pah-pah-pah!

The cat lived for 20 years. Not a single vaccine was given for life. What for? If she is home, she doesn’t exist on the street, she doesn’t make contact with other cats and dogs. I never got sick - I rode a horse until the age of 15. When there was a vitamin deficiency, they improved their nutrition — they gave meat or fish several times a week in addition to the main meal — dry food with clean water is always in bowls. Meat must be given (ate only raw!). They also gave a raw egg, sometimes a little milk. Although the veterinarians said that everyone should give anthelmintic, we did not. Any anthelmintic hits the liver. I felt sorry for her, because a dead liver = poor health.

I forgot to add, the cat was not purebred. As far as I know, their health is much better. If I had a thoroughbred cat, I would vaccinate her. Viruses and bacteria are everywhere, I agree. But some get sick, others don't. This is the whole focus of immunity.

You should not do vaccinations, they are not useful for health, and a cat will not pick up anything at home. Guest 2 - you do not know how certificates are bought in veterinarians?

My cat is about 18 years old, a year ago he fell ill with some kind of infection (it was difficult to fix, but he was ill for 1, 5 months). to give me vaccinations to him or not (before that he had no vaccinations)!

To do or not, the question has disappeared, after my girlfriend was bitten by her own cat, brought from the dacha. the benefit was not rabies, but what we experienced. Yes, and they were fined. Kosha got very crazy, I had to call a service, and my friend was given very sick injections. Kosh was in quarantine, then she was vaccinated. It turned out she so wanted to get married.

Moderator, I draw your attention to the fact that the text contains:

What pills can this be done?

  • Drontal - tablets that can be used by kittens from 3 weeks of age and older.
  • Febtal - pills based on fenbendazole.
  • Milbemax - these pills are worth highlighting, because their active substance not only acts on nematodes and worms, but also on dirofilaria. They settle in the blood and heart of cats. Applies to cats from the age of 6 weeks.
  • Inspector - it not only acts on worms, but is also able to simultaneously affect fleas and ticks.
  • Profender - these are drops that are approved for use from the age of 5 weeks.
  • Fipronil - is available in the form of drops or spray. Not recommended for kittens under 3 months.

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Inspection on the day of the procedure

On the day of vaccination, the animal must be completely healthy. Pregnant or lactating cats cannot be vaccinated!

Before the introduction of the vaccine, the veterinarian should measure the temperature of the kitten's body (normally it should fluctuate between 38-39 degrees).

He should also examine the nose, mouth, ears, teeth, and mucous membranes. Vaccination is done only if these organs are in order, and the kitten is not sluggish, sleepy, he has a poor appetite.

The veterinarian should also feel the internal organs of the animal.

Calendar: Chart

  • In age 8 weeks - components mandatory for each cat: herpesvirus, calicivirus and panleukopenia, and also, if necessary, chlamydia and viral leukemia.
  • IN 12 weeks - all the same, as well as a rabies vaccine.
  • IN 15 months and then every year - we repeat all the components that were done in 12 weeks.

Calicivirosis

This disease is characterized by lameness, conjunctivitis, fever, etc.

The causative agent is again a virus. It enters the cat's body through saliva, eye fluid, by airborne droplets, and it can also penetrate through a common dish or tray.

Vaccination against this disease is required.

This is a respiratory disease.

It is in cats that during this disease an usually moderate infection forms. The causative agent is Chlamydia psittaci.

It is a microorganism that lives inside cells. There is a risk of infection if several animals live in the same room.

Graft not obligatorybut very desirable.

Viral leukemia

This is when a large number of young, immature white blood cells appear in the blood.

The causative agent, in any case, is believed to be RNA - a virus.

Sometimes the cause may be intestinal worms, which owners may not even suspect.

She is included in mandatory vaccinations.

It is extremely rare for cats to show any signs of this disease.

It arises in the literal sense of the word "suddenly." The causative agent is coronavirus.

Many cats that are kept in groups are infected with this virus.

The virus spreads due to uncontrolled dilution.

When one cat is a "producer" and has connections with many females. Signs of this disease in cats up to a year are high body temperature, peritonitis, and sometimes pleurisy.

Fearfully? And rightly so. Rabies is probably the worst animal disease. This disease is a severe lesion of the nervous system. That is, the brain and spinal cord. Most often, the disease ends in death.

There are three forms of this disease: violent, quiet, atypical. There are still quiet and atypical forms. They are less common. In any case, the fate of these animals is sad. You cannot cure rabies. The animal is simply euthanized if it has this disease.

You can only get vaccinated. The first vaccine is given to a kitten in about 3 months. From the age when he begins to contact with other animals.

If the kitten lives at home and has no contact with other cats, then the vaccine can be given in 6-8 months. The vaccine will again have to be given annually, at about the same time.

Trichophytosis, microsporia

In common people, trichophytosis is called ringworm. This is a fungal infection. The disease is dangerous not only for health, but for the life of the animal. It is transmitted to humans.

Cats are a source of infection and cause epidemics in humans.

Immunity against this disease is most often not enough. Vaccination required. For example, the Microderm vaccine.

To kittens up to 6 months put the vaccine at a dose of 1 ml - 2 ml. How much depends on their weight. Immunity begins to be produced about a month after the vaccine is given. And it works for about a year. You can put the vaccine only after consulting with a veterinarian. And only under his supervision.

Integrated. What is it and from what?

Most vaccine manufacturers produce comprehensive vaccines. They combine 3-4 vaccines.

For example, the Microderm vaccine named in the previous paragraph is made against trichophytosis and microsporia. Nobivak Triquet. It can infection and diseases such as distemper, rhinotracheitis. calcium virus. Leukorifelin. In this preparation, it is interesting that they can vaccinate very small, 1, 5 month old kittens. Effective against plague and many other diseases.

How to choose a drug?

Which vaccine is better? One that gives a strong immunity and is as safe as possible for cats.

You should choose it depending on the disease you want to protect the animal from (usually breeders and veterinarians prefer vaccines that protect against several diseases at once). Vaccines for cats that are considered the best are Nobivak, Purevaks, Kvadrikat.

“Alive” or “Dead”?

What does live and dead vaccines mean? The so-called “dead” vaccine for cats is made from viruses and bacteria killed by very high temperatures or physical or chemical effects.

The so-called "live" vaccines contain attenuated or modified pathogens of viruses. The cat’s body is struggling with a weakened infection, and it has immunity.

And it does not depend on which vaccine is used for each case. All types have the same effect on the cat's body.

What and when: from what age, after how much is the booster shot, the period between the first and second procedure?

This is described in sufficient detail in the following table. After the column listing the diseases, the next column is when to do the first vaccination, when to repeat, the frequency of vaccinations.

General vaccination rules for all breeds: sphinxes, lop-eared Scots, meikuns, Bengal, Persians and others

  • Only a completely healthy kitten can be vaccinated.
  • After the vaccination, the kitten cannot be operated on for at least 3 weeks - 25 days.
  • If the kitten comes in contact with sick animals, he should not be vaccinated.
  • After the pet has undergone operations, it must not be vaccinated for at least 3 weeks.
  • If the kitten was forced to take antibiotics, he should not be vaccinated for at least 2 weeks.
  • The kitten should not be vaccinated when his teeth change.
  • It is necessary to monitor the expiration date of the vaccine. In no case should it be expired!
  • It is necessary to ensure that the kitten is in no case under stress. I didn’t scream, I didn’t get out of my hands, etc.
  • You cannot vaccinate very small kittens under the age of 2 months.

Useful video

In the form below you will find information about vaccinating kittens from veterinarians.

If the owner is worried about the health of his kitten, he should be vaccinated. As for the portability of the procedure: it is quite normal here if the baby is a certain period of time lethargic. It should be remembered that vaccination is a disease in a small volume.

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