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Flycatcher family (muscicapidae)

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Family of birds of the passerine order. Includes 5 subfamilies, including flycatchers. There is no unambiguous approach to taxonomy.

Small and very small birds (body length 9–23 cm). Coloring from monotonous gray or brown to very bright. The color of the chicks with numerous mottles, as in the blackbird. The beak is small, flattened with well-developed setae at the base. The tail is short, straight, often with a notch at the end (a long tail only in the paradise flycatcher).

The wings are quite long. Legs are weak, not adapted for active movement on the ground or tree branches. More than 80 genera, over 330 species.

Distributed in Eurasia, Africa, Australia and on some islands of the Pacific Ocean. There are 4 genera and 15 species in Russia. All species feed on small invertebrates, mainly insects. They live in all zones except the tundra and desert. On the plains and mountains adhere to shrubbery.

Flytraps usually sit on a branch, fluttering to catch a flying insect on the fly. Tropical forms are saddlers, inhabitants of temperate latitudes are migratory birds, winter in the tropics of Africa and Asia, mountain species descend into the valleys.

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