About animals

Interesting Butterfly Facts (101-124)

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Someone, looking at butterflies, admires their weightless beauty, and someone claims that they are furry caterpillars with wings. The truth, as always, is somewhere in the middle - because butterflies really develop from caterpillars. In the world there are a great many species of these creatures that are studied and bred by thousands of enthusiasts.

Butterfly Facts

  • The shape and wingspan of butterflies of different species varies from 2 mm to 28 cm.
  • Butterflies (or, as scientists call them, Lepidoptera) are one of the richest in number of species of insect orders. To date, it is known that more than 158,000 butterflies exist on the planet. It is assumed that up to 100 thousand species of these insects have not yet been discovered by scientists.
  • Butterflies inhabit all continents and islands of the Earth, except for Antarctica (facts about Antarctica).
  • Butterflies appeared on the planet more than 200 million years ago - scientists have discovered their remains related to the Jurassic period.
  • The Russian word "butterfly" comes from the word "grandmother". Comparison of these wonderful insects with old women is due to the fact that before butterflies were considered the souls of the dead. In some villages, they are now called "grandmothers" or "grannies."
  • Agrippina scoop is a butterfly with the largest wingspan among all known species of these insects. It is up to 28 cm, and according to some reports - even up to 31 cm.
  • The butterfly-record holder for the total wing area is the female Saturnia living in Australia and New Guinea. The surface of its wings can reach 263 cm (facts about Australia).
  • One of the smallest butterflies on the planet is baby moths whose wingspan is about 4 mm.
  • The largest day butterfly among those living on Russian territory is Maak's sailboat (wingspan up to 13.5 cm), and the night butterfly - a large night peacock eye (up to 15 cm).
  • Some butterflies, for example, peacock-eye or body moth, do not eat at all - in adulthood they consume nutrients accumulated at the caterpillar stage.
  • Butterfly moths, or psyche, live in the form of an adult insect for only a few minutes, during which they manage to mate and lay eggs.

  • The faceted eyes of butterflies can account for up to 27 thousand segments.
  • Butterflies' vision allows them to distinguish colors, however, the ability to see particular shades depends on the species. It is known that the most attractive for butterflies are blue-violet and yellow-red colors (facts about vision).
  • Butterflies see moving objects much better than motionless ones.
  • Most butterflies taste with the help of receptors located on the legs, like spiders (facts about spiders).
  • On the abdomen of some butterflies there are special membranes that allow them to hear ultrasound from 10 to 100 kHz.
  • In almost all butterflies, the pattern on the right and left wings is symmetrical, but there are species with different patterns on each side of the body - for example, Madagascar uranium (facts about Madagascar).
  • The color and pattern of the butterfly wings depend on the conditions in which the caterpillar lived and at what temperature the pupa developed into which it turned.
  • The body temperature of the butterflies, optimal for flight, is 30-35 degrees Celsius.
  • Most butterflies are capable of flying speeds from 7 to 17 km / h.
  • Scoop butterflies in India and Malaysia feed on the tears and blood of large animals (facts about India).
  • In butterflies, during the development of which a genetic mutation occurs, one half of the body can be male and the other female. Sometimes only certain parts of the body of a butterfly possess signs of a different sex - for example, a piece of a male’s wing has a coloring characteristic of females.
  • Mating butterflies lasts from 20 minutes to several hours. All this time, the female and the male are completely motionless.

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