In the middle of the last century, the Czech specialist, who was involved in dog breeding, breed “Czech terrier". The individuals of this breed are distinguished by hunting and watchdog abilities. In addition, these dogs are very cute and friendly.
Breed Features and Character
Photo of the Czech Terrier It is impossible to consider without tenderness. But you can get even more pleasure if you get such a dog in your house. Czech or Bohemian terriers have a calm, but active character.
Since the dog is from the category of hunting, he moves a lot. The terrier is very hardy, so it can become a good helper on the hunt. He can even hunt on his own, and his victims in this case will be badgers, foxes and other small inhabitants of the holes.
Buy czech terrier It stands in order to protect the territory. The dog does not pose a serious danger to people entering or passing by the yard. However, he will not miss strangers so easily. Full devotion to the owners will prompt him first of all to notify the family about the guests, and if necessary, to protect the yard.
Dog family Breeds Czech Terrier behave freely, but without manifestations of aggression. With such a dog, you can safely let even children play, without worrying that it will harm the kids.
Like most dogs, the Bohemian Terrier tends to feel a strong affection for his master and his entire family. He does not like to be alone at home, so do not be surprised if for a long time leaving the dog alone you will return to the house where a little chaos was formed by his will.
The Czech Terrier is ready for anything in order to earn the praise of home. Therefore, he does not show aggression to other animals that live in the same room where he is.
Walking with such a dog is a pleasure, because he moves with a balanced speed, and also never provokes dog fights. There is only one type of animal that the terrier has a mutual dislike for - rodents. For this reason, it is better to avoid places where there may be mice, rats or hamsters, or to be prepared that the dog will hunt them.
Description of the breed Czech Terrier
Bred half a century ago czech mini terrier in his life grows up to thirty centimeters only. However, its weight is usually about nine kilograms. Here are some more features of this breed:
- Dogs of this breed can live up to fifteen years, although their average age is ten or eleven years,
- Possess a strong elongated body and a voluminous chest
- The shape of the abdomen is smooth and elongated,
- The lumbar region has a convex type,
- The most common color of the Czech Terrier is gray or beige, sometimes with a bluish tint. Beard and eyebrows may contain gray hair.. Czech Terrier Puppies at birth they are black in color, and during the period of maturity, their coat is highlighted.
- The shape of the head is rounded, with a smooth transition between the forehead and the muzzle.
- The neck is of moderate length and has a slight slope.
- The dog has short legs covered with long hair, but it moves quickly. The terrier has strong hind limbs for a good set of speed. The dog is not strong in jumping.
- The nose of the Czech Terrier is black or dark brown, depending on the shade of the coat.
- Small round eyes cover bushy eyebrows.
- The ears are triangular in shape.
- The Czech Terrier has a scissor bite, so cases of snacking or undershot are considered unacceptable.
- The length of the tail reaches twenty centimeters.
Care and maintenance of the Czech Terrier
Dog breed Czech Terrier requires special care, as it has a luxurious long coat. The necessary procedures for the pet should be taught from childhood.
The care that the Czech Terrier needs:
- It needs to be combed regularly. Although for them the first time this procedure will not be particularly pleasant, they will soon get used to it. A long-toothed comb is used to comb the skirt and beard. The rest of the hair can be combed with a massage brush. If the dog is often cut, it can only be looked after with a brush.
- Puppies of the Czech Terrier need to be trimmed from the age of three months. This includes trimming the skirt and beard, as well as trimming the hair of the tail, head, chest, and back. You need to visit a hairdresser or cut a pet yourself once every couple of months.
- Dogs of this breed should be washed approximately once every four weeks. If necessary, this can be done more often. During this procedure, special shampoos should be used to soften the coat. If the dog participates in the exhibition, it should not be washed before it, because the hair after bathing will be too bulky.
- A visit to the veterinarian should be regular due to the fact that the Czech Terrier is prone to dental diseases. To avoid them, the dog can brush his teeth with a special brush and paste, and also give her hard bones.
- If you are going buy a puppy of czech terrier, you should understand that you have to walk a lot with him. Since dogs of this breed are very active, walks should include games.
- It is better to keep the Czech terrier in the house, having allocated for him there his place, to which he will be accustomed from childhood.
Price and reviews
Reviews of Czech terriers say that dogs of this breed do not complain about appetite. Therefore, they may have a bad habit of stealing food. This puppy should be weaned from childhood. Another disadvantage that bothers the owners of this breed is the possibility of a cramp.
This symptom can be transmitted to a dog at a genetic level, but does not carry a mortal danger. Perhaps these are all the flaws of the breed. Prices Czech Terrier puppies range from twenty to thirty-five thousand rubles.
The breed was bred due to the crossing of an adhesive tape terrier and a silyhim terrier. It was created by Frantisek Horak. He worked as a geneticist at the Academy of Sciences. The creation of the Czech Terrier is a component of his scientific work. Frantisek was an avid hunter; he carried a scotch terrier dog. He took available dogs for hunting and for work. In his opinion, the scotch terrier was more aggressive than required, and he also wanted to breed a dog with a narrower chest - so the dog could climb into holes. Seeing the silyhim terrier, he decided to cross both breeds.
After the end of World War II, his work began. The Czech Terrier (one puppy) appeared in 1949. Gorak carefully followed the progress of the work and recorded all the results obtained. During the hunt, the first representative of the breed was killed, after the second crossing 6 puppies appeared.
In 1959, the breed took part in the exhibition for the first time, after several years it was recognized by the Czech Kennel Club, and in 1963 - by FCI. In 1964, the breed receives champion status, after which it is distributed in other countries.
In 1984 and 1985, Gorak again added the blood of the silyhim terrier to fix the result. In 1987, the breed enters America. It is becoming very popular, but is recognized as one of the rarest in the world.
The description of the breed is enshrined in the standard. FCI breed standard No. 246. The dog is small (mini), slightly elongated, even squat, but rather strong. Height up to 32 cm, weight - 7-10 kg. The coat is soft, long, slightly wavy. There are mustaches and a beard on the face, eyebrows are above the eyes. Color is gray with black (bluish-gray), in rare cases, brown with black. Stains (white or yellow) on the head are allowed. At birth, the puppies are black, the color gradually changes.
The head is long, not wide, tapering to the eyes. The back of the nose is divided by a furrow, the lobe is dark. The eyes are medium, brown, the expression is friendly. The ears are small, high set, triangular. Too large eyes and ears, rare coat are considered imperfections. Lack of more than four teeth is a vice. The tail is small (18-20 cm), high set. Paws parallel, short, muscular, hind ones smaller than front ones.
The character is soft, non-aggressive, patient, always wants to please the owner. He likes attention, with long loneliness he is very homesick, he is calm in the family. It gets along well with children and other animals. Small and funny. With other dogs, polite and restrained. When hunting, fearless, will not yield to other animals, regardless of their size. The first does not attack. Good defender.
Training is not difficult, but patience is needed, since the dog cannot keep attention for a long time. Classes should be short and varied. It is important to maintain perseverance and firmness (but not cruelty). Better to stimulate by encouragement rather than punishment. Education should begin early, as stubbornness is characteristic of the breed.
Czech terriers are active, love to run and play. On walks they do not bully, do not provoke fights, can stand up for themselves. Aggressiveness and cowardice are disqualification defects.
Care and maintenance
Domestic dogs are not adapted to live outside or in an aviary. They need careful care. Long hair should be combed regularly, bathed 1 time per month. Shampoo should be washed thoroughly. For combing, take a comb with long teeth and a massage brush. With a regular haircut, you can comb your pet once a week.
The haircut of the Czech Terrier is special: short hair on the back and long on the stomach, legs and sides. If the dog is being prepared for the exhibition, then from 3 months it should be taken to the grooming salon. Once every 3 months, the hair is shaved to 1.5 cm. The ends of the skirt, beard, mustache and eyebrows are leveled with scissors.
The breed is prone to dental diseases, so the pet often needs to be shown to the veterinarian. You must have a special paste and brush for dogs, brush your teeth. For the prevention of tartar, dogs are allowed to gnaw hard bones. Since the dog is very energetic, you need to walk it at least twice a day for 30-40 minutes. The pet reacts to drafts and sudden changes in temperature, this should be taken into account when determining a suitable place in the house.
The Czech Terrier is not picky about food. Voracious, can steal food, beg for an additive, plaintively looking at the owner. Such attempts must be immediately stopped, otherwise he will begin to recover. Also, the dog can pick up food on the street and in ballot boxes. The dog needs to be weaned from this habit. You should immediately choose feeding: dry food or natural food. It’s better to use natural. The main product is raw or boiled meat, cereals and vegetables. Sometimes you can treat your puppy with fermented milk products, fish and fruits.
Dry food contains all the necessary vitamins and minerals; when feeding a home-made food, the pet needs additional vitamin supplements. The specialist will help you choose the right ones taking into account the individual characteristics of the dog. Feed the pet at the same time 1-2 times a day.
The dog should have round-the-clock access to a bowl of water.
The dog has good health. There is a pedigree disease (hereditary) - Scotty Cramp syndrome. It consists in the fact that the dog is prone to unexpected convulsions. They do not die from this, but it can frighten the owner. Regularly, dogs should be treated with flea, ticks and other parasites, as well as the necessary vaccinations. Life expectancy is 12-15 years.
Where to buy and price
Pros and cons of the breed:
|Not aggressive, gets along well with children||Rare breed, have to look for a puppy|
|The character is calm, suitable even for older people||Carries food from the table, from the urn and garbage cans|
|Picky food||Not suitable for living in an aviary and yard|
The most popular kennels where you can get a puppy: Biu Mar Shi, Flying Spitz and Stoppsary. Price from 20,000 to 35,000 rubles. Puppies in nurseries are healthy, they are given all the necessary vaccinations on time, have documents. If you wish, you can meet the baby's parents.