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Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Raccoon (eng.)

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Procyon lotor - Raton laveur Pour les articles homonymes, voir Raton ... Wikipédia en Français

Procyon lotor - Waschbär Waschbär (Procyon lotor) Systematik Überordnung: Laurasiatheria ... Deutsch Wikipedia

Procyon lotor - Mapache boreal ... Wikipedia Español

Procyon lotor - Raccoon Rac * coon (ra ^ k * k = oon), n. F. raton, prop., A little rat, fr. rat rat, perhaps of German origin. See . (Zo ol.) A North American nocturnal carnivore () allied to the bears, but much smaller, and having a long, ... ... The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Procyon lotor - El mapache boreal (Procyon lotor), también zorra manglera y gato manglatero, es el mapache nativo de América del Norte ... Enciclopedia Universal

Procyon lotor - paprastasis meškėnas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Procyon lotor angl. common racoon, North American racoon, racoon vok. nordamerikanischer Waschbär, Schupp, Waschbär rus. American raccoon, raccoon, ... ... Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

Procyon lotor - noun North American raccoon • Syn: ↑ common raccoon, ↑ common racoon, ↑ coon, ↑ ringtail • Hypernyms: ↑ raccoon, ↑ racoon ... Useful english dictionary

Procyon lotor gloveralleni - Procyon gloveralleni Raton de la Barbade ... Wikipédia en Français

Procyon lotor minor - Procyon minor Raton laveur de la Guadeloupe ... Wikipédia en Français

Procyon lotor gloveralleni - Barbados Waschbär Systematik Ordnung: Raubtiere (Carnivora) Überfamilie: Hundeartige (Cano> Deutsch Wikipedia

Procyon lotor insularis - Mapache de Tres Marías Clasificación científica Reino: Anim ... Wikipedia Español

Usage Information

Photo "Raccoon strip, or American raccoon (Latin lottery Procyon). Raccoon can grab and hold objects with its front legs, including washing food. The raccoon fur is thick, brownish-gray." can be used for personal and commercial purposes according to the conditions of the purchased Royalty-free license. The image is available for download in high quality with a resolution of up to 2627x1574.

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The word raccoon comes from the Indian word "arakun", which means - "he scratches with his own hands." The American colonists began to omit the sound “a”, referring to this animal, and it became known as “raccoon”.

With its general appearance, movements and curiosity, the raccoon is very similar to a bear. No wonder the Indians - the natives of North America - called him "the younger brother of the bear." In Azerbaijan, where raccoons were brought in at the beginning of the 20th century, they also noticed this similarity, hence the local name - “balaja ai” - a little bear cub.

From time immemorial, people hunted raccoons for the sake of fur - one of the most expensive wild animal furs in North America. Back in the 19th century, raccoon skin was a means of payment in America. But intensive hunting did not lead to a serious decrease in the number of animals.

Currently, in their homeland, in America, raccoons get along well with people: in search of food, they often go to villages and to the outskirts of cities. This cute little animal with a sly, sharp little face has become the hero of many comics and cartoons.

Area of ​​distribution and habitat

The natural range is Central and North America, from the Isthmus of Panama to the river. St. Lawrence, which includes the southern provinces of Canada and the United States, with the exception of the states of Utah, Nevada, the Rockies.

At the beginning of the 20th century, raccoons began to be raised on fur farms in some European countries and in Russia. In 1936, the first experiments on the acclimatization of this beast began in several regions of the Soviet Union: in Belarus, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, the Primorsky Territory and Central Asia. Within a few years, about one and a half thousand animals were released. Most successfully, raccoons adapted to new conditions in Belarus and Azerbaijan. Currently, specially released, as well as escaped from animal farms, raccoons have settled in many European countries.

found in a wide variety of biotopes. The most important condition is the presence of a nearby body of water - a river or lake. Prefers lowland or lowland areas. Often found on the outskirts of fields, in gardens, and other forest stands, it enters the suburbs.

Appearance and morphology

A small, stocky beast the size of an average dog: the length of the raccoon's body is on average 65 cm, the tail is 25, the height at the withers is 30–35 cm. The weight of the animal is from 5.4 to 15.8 kg, an average of 6 kg. Males are about 10-30% heavier than females. The head is wide, the muzzle is sharp and short. The ears are small and dull at the end. The legs are relatively short, the soles of the feet are bare. Fingers are long, mobile, almost as dexterous as monkeys. Claws are not retractable.

The color of this beast mixed with black. There is a very characteristic “mask” on the muzzle: a strip stretches from the forehead to the tip of the nose, and from the eyes down and to the cheeks there are two wide black stripes bordered with white hair above the eyes and at the end of the muzzle. On the sides of the head, the hair is somewhat elongated, forming whiskers. On the tail there are 5-7 wide rings and colors. The fur is long and fluffy.

Raccoons have excellent night vision and keen hearing. Despite the apparent clumsiness, raccoons climb trees perfectly, and they descend head first, thanks to the movable feet, which can rotate almost 180 degrees. Raccoons are able, like monkeys or sloths, to climb horizontal branches, hanging on them with their backs down.

Lifestyle & Social Organization

Lifestyle: during the day this animal sleeps in a hollow, which can be located quite high above the ground - at an altitude of 20-30 meters. The burrows do not dig holes themselves, they are ready, evicting the owners (foxes, badgers), or occupy abandoned ones. The dwelling can be in a crevice of a rock, or just in a pile of dead wood. At dusk, raccoons leave the shelter and roam in search of food in their area. Moving slowly, animals can walk up to 2.5 km per night.

The size of an individual raccoon habitat depends on many factors and can vary from 0.1 sq. km in the suburbs up to 50 square meters. km in the steppes. In the agricultural regions of North America, the area of ​​the raccoon's habitat is 1–4 square meters. km Males live alone, young raccoons stay with their mother for the first year of life on her site. Growing up, young people are resettled, with males leaving the maternal area for much greater distances than females, which usually remain nearby.

During meetings, they begin to growl with their heads bowed and their teeth bared, the hair on the scruff of hair is ruffled - animals with their whole appearance make it clear that they are not happy to meet. After such a ritual, they usually disperse, without bringing matters to a fight. However, with an abundance of food, for example, in a landfill, animals are much more loyal to each other and can feed at a distance of several meters.

- the only representative of the raccoon family, which, with the onset of winter, plunges into prolonged sleep. In Canada, it lasts 4 months. The raccoon sleep is shallow and intermittent. In warm weather, the raccoon sometimes wakes up and can wander for several hours near the lair. When it gets cold again he climbs into his home and falls asleep.

Nutrition and feed behavior

Raccoons feed mainly on the ground, descending from the trees where they rest. These animals are omnivorous, and in the diet a seasonal change in feed is expressed. In spring and early summer, the basis of the diet is animal feed; in the second half of summer and autumn, it prefers plant foods.

Raccoons of various insects and their larvae, earthworms, snails, frogs, crayfish, fish and rodents eat. Sometimes they get and eat muskrats, squirrels, rabbits and bird eggs. In the summer, they enjoy eating a wide variety of berries and nuts, visit gardens and feed on crops growing there, including potatoes. Raccoons periodically raid insect nests, including hornets, bumblebees, termites and ants, mostly larvae. Thick fur and a layer of fat protect these animals from the stings of angry insects. swim well, although they do it reluctantly. In water, raccoons get aquatic animals, while using their sensitive fingers. Living close to people, raccoons eagerly rummage in the garbage, looking for food, often climb into the houses.

In the northern areas of the range, a high-calorie diet is extremely important for a raccoon, since animals must accumulate sufficient reserves of fat to consume them during winter sleep. Fat accumulates throughout the body, even in the tail, while its layer, especially on the back, reaches a thickness of 2.5 cm.

Breeding and rearing offspring

In the northern regions, the breeding season begins in February – March; in the south of the range, raccoons can breed year-round. Males mate, as a rule, with several females. The female has only one chosen one, who soon leaves her and does not take any part in raising offspring.

Cubs are born after 9-10 weeks in a cozy hollow, they can be from 1 to 7. They are toothless, blind, weigh 60–75 g and are covered with short hair, the characteristic color of the muzzle is absent. Black and white stripes on the head and tail begin to appear only after 10 days of life. The eyes of the babies open on the 15-20 day, and the ears on the 18-24 day. Mother feeds them milk for 3 months, at 4-5 months of age, young animals are already becoming independent. As a rule, the brood remains with the mother until winter, but many young animals stay with it until the next breeding season. Some young females themselves become mothers at the age of one year, their peers - males are allowed to reproduce by older brothers much later.

Raccoons at the Moscow Zoo

occupy a new aviary in the Old Territory behind a complex of marine mammals, next to the Bird House. There is a brook on the territory of the enclosure, and raccoons, with visible pleasure, rinse there, confirming their name. The raccoons are especially attracted by the large larches growing in the aviary - animals do not just climb on them, they sleep high in the trees, curled up and reminiscent of bird nests from afar. In the heat there, in the breeze, it is cooler, in the spring, in the sun, warmer. In the aviary there are many objects enriching the environment of these animals - ladders suspended between trees, along which animals climb with pleasure, "hollows" in which they find a lot of "goodies" placed there by the zoo staff. In this way, animals can use their abilities and exhibit natural behavior in forage.

In addition to raccoons, raccoon dogs, representatives of the canine family, live in the aviary. They look like raccoons with a black mask on their faces, but these are completely different animals. When they are nearby, the differences between these, at first glance, almost identical, animals are clearly visible.

Our raccoons are no longer young, they were born in the zoo, people are very trusting. These animals are fed in a very diverse way: they eat fish, eggs, cottage cheese, quite a lot of fruits, carrots most of all like vegetables, but carnivores prefer meat. Raccoons do not have a good winter sleep, with the onset of cold weather they become lethargic, inactive, sleep in houses in frosts, cuddling close to each other. You can see them in winter only in the thaw, occasionally animals walk idly along the aviary. In summer, in the heat, they are most active in the morning and evening, and in spring and autumn almost all day.

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