• Dermatitis of skin folds
• Hip dysplasia
• Congenital dislocation of the elbow
• Ventricular septal defect
These animals also often suffer from allergies to a variety of things: these can be certain types of foods and pollen. If you encounter this problem, it is best to immediately contact a veterinarian who will determine the exact cause of the ailment and tell you the correct treatment. Quite often, bulldogs also have oncological diseases, including colorectal cancer. A predisposition to them is also laid down at the genetic level, so you can immediately find out from the breeder whether there are any cases of oncology in the dog’s family and what is the risk that your pet will become ill.
Bulldogs are one of the few breeds whose representatives cannot be born naturally. Puppies have a large head, and by the standards of the breed, the female should have a narrow basin. In addition, these animals have a weak heart, so they can hardly tolerate anesthesia. A cesarean section is required, which should only be performed by an experienced specialist. Only then can we talk about the successful completion of childbirth and that puppies will be born healthy. Birth difficulties are one of the important reasons why bulldog puppies are so expensive.
Short and very smooth hair of English Bulldogs is easy to care for. You need to comb the English bulldog two or three times a week with a brush with hard bristles.
It is important that the folds on the face of the English bulldog are always clean, for this they need to be regularly cleaned with a damp cotton pad. If this is not done, then an infection may occur in the folds. Wipe the crease with a slightly damp cotton pad and then dry. Never leave the crease wet or use soap or other detergent, as this can cause irritation and an allergic reaction.
You need to bathe an English bulldog only as needed. Too frequent bathing leads to dry skin and can cause itching, peeling and skin irritation.
If the dog becomes dirty, you can wipe it with a damp cloth. Regularly check the dog's claws, cut them in time, they should not exfoliate and be sharp. The teeth of the English Bulldog also require regular brushing.
Despite their clumsiness and squat, English Bulldogs are quite active dogs that need regular physical activity. Since they are prone to rapid weight gain, and some even obesity, regular walks are very important for this breed. English bulldogs, very solid in nature, are not very disposed to active movements of their own free will, so sometimes they need to be forced or motivated to a more active lifestyle.
Exercise English bulldogs can not be loaded in very hot and cold weather. In the cold, the short hair of the bulldog provides him with virtually no protection, and in heat in dogs with a similar anatomical structure of the skull, heat stroke can occur, moreover, very quickly.
A potential owner of an English bulldog should be aware that dogs of this breed are prone to digestive problems and flatulence. They can also snore and drool.
- Breed Name: English bulldog
- Country of origin: Great Britain
- Weight: males 24-25 kg, females 22-23 kg
- Height (height at the withers): about 40 cm
- Life span: 7-10 years
- An adult English bulldog - the dog is quite lazy and without much enthusiasm goes for a walk, it can even become stubborn. However, to keep fit, a daily walk is essential.
- Heat and humidity are a real punishment for dogs of this breed. Walking with a bulldog on a sunny summer day, make sure that your pet does not overheat, and if this happens, take urgent measures.
- The English Bulldog does not belong to "street" breeds. In the courtyard of the house, in an ordinary kennel, he will be extremely uncomfortable, and all because of the fact that he has a short coat that does not protect from the cold. These dogs can only be kept in the house or in the apartment.
- Four-legged gentlemen often make a lot of noise. They gurgle, wheeze, and even snore at night.
- Another peculiarity of these dogs does not really fit with the "aristocratic" norms - they often suffer from flatulence, that is, increased gas formation. For squeamish people, this can be a real problem.
- The English Bulldog is vulnerable to various respiratory diseases. The reason is in the short face, which makes the nasopharynx vulnerable to various pathogens.
- Representatives of this breed often suffer from gluttony, easily gain weight and then suffer from obesity.
- Due to the large head and structural features of the skull, English bulldogs have difficulty reproducing offspring. Most puppies are born using cesarean section.
English bulldog - Not only a great bodyguard, but also a true friend. Even if for some reason you feel sad at heart, this squat “Englishman” with a funny face will surely be able to cheer you up. But if a large head, a lot of wrinkles and folds on the face can cheer, then the inherent in dogs profuse salivation of someone can push away. The English Bulldog is the owner of a very characteristic appearance that you can not confuse with any other. Due to its appearance, it may seem that the pet is by its nature clumsy and slow. However, if a real danger arises for himself or the owner, the dog will react quickly and will be able to defend itself. The four-legged native of Misty Albion has a calm disposition and balanced character. These traits are combined with courage and even stubbornness.
The history of the breed English Bulldog
In the XVII-XIX centuries, old English bulldogs descended from the Central Asian mastiffs and North Caucasian Alans were distributed in the territory of Great Britain. They were in demand as hunting dogs for hunting. The name is fully consistent with its purpose: the word "bulldog" is translated from English as "bull dog". It is the old English bulldogs that are the ancestors of the heroes of our article - modern English bulldogs.
There are significant similarities in appearance between the old English and the modern English bulldog. But the main difference is still character. The ancestors of today's bulldogs were very vicious. They were used to entertain crowds, pitted on bulls, horses and even bears and lions. Such bloody battles led to the death of not only wild animals, but also the bulldogs themselves, who became victims of fangs, horns and hooves. The end of such, if I may say so, amusements came in 1835, when the British government completely banned bullfights. Only this did not stop the lovers of the bloody "sport": if it became impossible to pit the old English bulldogs with bulls, then instead of the latter they began to use other dogs.
After a short time, dog fights were also banned. But such humanity played a cruel joke with the old English bulldogs. Having lost the opportunity to participate in battles - whether with wild animals or with other dogs - the breed began to degrade, because its unusually powerful, strong jaws with a dead grip could not be used. Another blow to the breed was its actual extinction, since bulldogs were mated with representatives of other breeds, and in the end there were very few purebred dogs.
In 1858-1859, work began on the conservation of the English Bulldogs. However, breeders have set themselves another task - to eradicate unnecessary malice in them. Not without difficulty throughout Britain selected the most balanced individuals. A year later, an exhibition was held in Birmingham, where samples of the "new" breed were presented. By their nature and inner world, these were far from the bulldogs that were previously known. Visitors to the exhibition were able to appreciate the work of geneticists and breeders in full: the reviews were the most positive!
In 1873, the breed was officially recognized by the English Kennel Club, as evidenced by the entry in the stud books of that time. In the early 1880s, English bulldogs increasingly began to pay attention outside their historical homeland. And today no one will say what exactly they fell in love with: for their funny appearance or balanced character - most likely, and for both.
Representatives of other breeds, for example, American Akita or Alaskan Malamute, are literally eager for freedom. They like to walk, frolic. But this can not be said about the English Bulldog. This dog is a real homebody. His favorite place in the house is the master sofa, around which he constantly revolves and can sleep for at least all day. Long walks, especially over long distances, are also not in his taste. Our "gentleman" is most comfortable near the house.
Another feature of the breed is enviable stubbornness. If the English bulldog does not want to do something, then you will literally exhale while you force it. At some point, it begins to seem that the nerves simply can’t stand it, but it’s impossible to get really angry with your pet, which is distinguished by very funny behavior. On the contrary, it will make you involuntarily smile even when it is least of all desirable.
The English Bulldog will become a true friend to younger members of the family. The connection with the children is established in him firmly and in relation to them he behaves just fine. Among the shortcomings, I would like to highlight the fact that dogs of this breed are very fond of nibbling various things, including house slippers. If you do not give him a lot of chewing toys, the pet will inflict considerable damage on your property by spoiling the legs of sofas, armchairs, and tables with your teeth.
Another characteristic feature of the breed is that the natives of the British Isles do not tolerate heat. For this reason, for living in a hot area, an English bulldog will not be the best choice. But then it is perfect for life in the city, because it does not need constant physical exercises. True, many potential owners are confused by the salivation and smell inherent in the dog. This can really be a problem in urban apartments, so before buying a puppy of an English bulldog, carefully weigh for yourself whether you can get along with him, given such features of the animal.
The appearance of the English Bulldog
English Bulldogs are owners of a massive head and small pelvis. Due to such structural features that prevent puppies from passing through the birth canal normally, representatives of this breed often give birth with the help of a veterinarian who performs a cesarean section. In addition, the English bulldog belongs to brachycephalic dogs, the distinguishing feature of which is a depressed nose and head.
These funny "English" are also characterized by non-gentlemanly behavior. Since they breathe with their mouths open, they swallow a lot of air at the same time, which, in fact, causes flatulence. The owners need to either just get used to it, or constantly keep an air freshener with them.
English Bulldog is a medium sized dog. He is smooth-haired, well-knit and squat. The head is clearly large, massive, its girth is equal to the height of the dog at the withers. A characteristic feature of the bulldogs is a short and wide muzzle with the same wide and large nose.
Growth at the withers depends on gender. In males it is 36-41 cm, in females - 30-36 cm. In males it is more and weight, it is 20-25 kg. Bitches weigh 16-20 kg.
The English Bulldog combines not only the functions of a watchman, but also a bodyguard, a cheerful companion and a reliable friend. The character of the dog is quite affectionate, but thanks to the formidable appearance, it is able to replace the guard dog: a bulldog scares off unexpected guests who are delighted with other people's property.
The head, when compared with the size of the dog as a whole, is quite large. But at the same time, she does not break the general symmetry, therefore the English bulldog does not look deformed, otherwise the quality of its movements would suffer. The muzzle is wide and blunt, it is distinguished by a curvature up.
The forehead of the bulldog is flat, above the muzzle too protruding and not hanging. There are pronounced folds on the forehead and the skin around the head. A groove is visible from the stop to the top of the skull - it is distinctly wide and deep.
The frontal bones in the projection are convex and embossed. They are also distinguished by height, latitude and square shape.
The English Bulldog boasts a wide and massive jaw system of a square shape. The lower jaw, unlike the upper, protrudes forward and is curved upward. The jaw has six incisors located between the fangs on a straight line. The latter have a wide arrangement.
Representatives of the breed have large and powerful teeth, which, if the mouth is closed, are completely hidden in the mouth. If you look from the front, you can see that the location of the lower jaw is parallel to the upper - it is located directly below it.
The location of the eyes on the skull is low, at a decent distance from the ears. They are on the same line with the stop and are located at right angles to the furrow.
The arrangement of the eyes is wide, but the outer corners are located inside the outer line of the cheeks. Their shape is round, the size is medium. They do not sink into the orbit, but are not convex. Eye color is very dark, almost black. When viewed from the front, they do not detect visible proteins.
The ears of the English bulldog are tall. When viewed from the front, each ear with its front edge touches the upper corner of the skull, namely its outer line. Thus, the ears are placed as high and far from the eyes.
The shape of the ears is the so-called rose: they hang and face back, that is, to the back. The front or top edge is curved both back and out. Thanks to this, the so-called back of the tongue is made partially visible.
Nose and lips
The nose of the English Bulldog is wide and large; it is deeply recessed between the eyes. The nasal fold does not affect the profile line. The color is black, there are no inclusions of brown, liver or red. The nostrils also have similar characteristics. In addition, they are open, and a vertical groove is clearly visible between them.
The lips are wide and thick and at the same time very deep and saggy. Thanks to the latest quality, they completely close the jaw from the sides. But this does not happen in front: here the lips only cover the teeth.
The English Bulldog got a neck of medium length, strong, strong and very thick. It has a slightly convex shape. Around the throat there is thick, loose and folded skin, forming a second chin (breast), which stretches from the lower jaw to the chest.
The breed standard requires that the neck be harmonious in length with the size of the dog’s head and body. If the neck is short, this may indicate the presence of respiratory problems in the animal, not to mention the fact that insufficient length does not affect the general appearance of the English bulldog in the best way.
The top line, if viewed immediately after the withers, is slightly omitted at the very bottom.Then it rises to the lower back, becoming a level higher than the growth of the dog at the withers, and, curving, decreases to the tail. Thanks to such "intricacies" of the top line, an arch is formed by a sail, which is one of the visiting cards of the breed.
The back of our "gentleman" is short, it is distinguished by power. In the shoulders of the English Bulldog is wide. Relatively narrow back only in the lower back.
The chest of the representatives of this breed is wide and deep, and from the withers and directly to the very bottom, as well as convex and round from the sides.
The belly of the dog is taut, does not sag.
The tail landing is low, at the base it is quite straight and thick, and then bends down and tapers towards the end. The shape is round, the skin on the tail is smooth, there is no stiff coat, and there is no fringe. If we talk about the length, then it is rather short. It never rises above the back.
The English Bulldog has large, strong and strong forelimbs. They are fat, with well-developed muscles, and they have a wide set.
The outer line of the limbs looks noticeably curved, but their bones are straight: no curvature or curvature is observed in them. Compared to the hind limbs, they are short, and yet not so much so that the dog’s back is perceived longer than it actually is, or that they can interfere with your pet’s daily activities.
The shoulders are wide, they are distinguished by power, they have developed muscles. But they can also be described as deep, sloping and sloping. The elbows are low and spaced from the ribs. The metacarpus can be described very capaciously: powerful, straight and short.
Large and muscular are the hind limbs of the bulldogs. Since they are longer than the front ones, due to this, the effect of elevation of the lumbar of the dog is achieved. The lower part of the hind limbs has the following characteristics: it is straight, short and powerful. The round knees are characterized by a slight unfolding away from the body of the dog. The hock joints are low and have a slight curvature, angles are moderate.
Both front and hind legs have a characteristic outward extension for the breed. The only difference is that the former are medium sized, straight and moderately rounded, while the latter are compact, round in shape. The toes of the hind legs are arched, thick, as a result of which their joints are raised and, accordingly, protrude high.
The English Bulldog is distinguished by a peculiar, one can even say, walk that is not quite usual for dogs. He moves with a short, quick step at his fingertips. At the same time, the hind legs do not rise high, so our "gentleman" shuffles slightly. The breed standard assumes that quality and confidence in movement are of great importance.
Short with a delicate texture. It is smooth and snug. Should not be wavy.
Differs in monotony, purity and brightness. Different colors are found in the English Bulldog breed, but preference should be given to red-tiger and all other tiger colors, white, red, deer, piebald - and in the indicated sequence.
If you choose from a good piebald, dirty-motley or unclean solid, then a good piebald is preferable.
Black color is considered vicious and is allowed only in a peg color in the form of spots in moderation. So that the spotted color is not perceived as defective, the colors should have an even distribution of small spots.
If your pet has a small white spot on its chest, this is acceptable, but only in two color options: plain and tiger.
If the English bulldog is aggressive or overly shy, if it has a noticeable respiratory distress or an ingrown tail, then such defects are considered disqualifying.
Any dog exhibiting abnormal behavior or detecting deviations in the psyche should be disqualified.
Note: males should have normally developed testes in the amount of two pieces, completely lowered into the scrotum.