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Bluegrass meadow

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The soil
  • Lightweight, breathable, well-drained
Possible colors
    Illumination
    • Many // Western, southern orientation, may require several hours of direct sunlight
    Watering
    • Medium // Heavy watering 2-3 times a week
    Difficulty of leaving
    • Little // Does not need special requirements for growth and flowering
    Air humidity
    • Little // Undemanding to moisture in water
    Fertilizer frequency
    • Not enough // Enough nutrition. substances from own soil or rare fertilizer
    Content temperature
    • moderately warm content (+18 - + 25 ° C)

    Content

    • 1. Description
    • 2. Growing
    • 3. Diseases and pests
    • 4. Reproduction
    • 5. First steps after purchase
    • 6. Secrets of success
    • 7. Possible difficulties

    Bluegrass is a large genus from the Cereal family. The number of species included in it exceeds five hundred. Perennial and annual herbaceous plants live in regions with a cold and temperate climate in both hemispheres. Some species have expanded their habitat, settling on the highlands in the tropics.

    Bluegrass has a fibrous root system. In some species, underground rhizomes are long, in others - short, in others they are completely absent. Bluegrass form neat compact curtains or dense large turfs.

    Smooth or slightly rough stems are erect. Along with miniature herbs, the height of which barely reaches 10 cm, among the representatives of the genus there are almost one and a half meter plants.

    Bluegrass has long and narrow leaves of all shades of green. Leaf blades either tightly cover the stem, or significantly deviate from it. Leaflets can be flat or folded along the central vein.

    Bluegrass flowers bloom in summer. Small spikelets are collected in panicle inflorescences. As a rule, they are spreading, but they are also compressed. Each spikelet contains up to 8 flowers with tiny stamens. As a result of cross-pollination or self-pollination, fruits are formed - oblong grains.

    Many nature lovers are interested in the question: bluegrass - edible or not? We answer: it’s completely edible, because in nature there are practically no poisonous types of cereals (except for the fact that the hymen is intoxicating, and it is not the cereal itself that is to blame, but the fungus of the species Stromatinia temulenta that produces the poisonous alkaloid topiculin). Moreover, the first tender bluegrass sprouts can be given to cats, dogs or added to salads for your own nutrition.

    Growing

    Bluegrass fully justifies the reputation of a capricious plant. Grasses do not have specific soil requirements. Bluegrass develops best on loose fertile lands, but feels pretty good even on sandy soils.

    Among the species of bluegrass, one can find ideally suited for decorating tree-trunk circles of tall trees and shrubs. Among the representatives of the genus there are plants decorating alpine hills and borders. Some species can be grown in containers.

    Bluegrass is a part of mixtures for lawns. It is resistant to trampling, grows quickly even after cutting almost to the root. Subject to the recommendations for care, the plant's lifespan is tens of years.

    First steps after purchase

    The best time for sowing Bluegrass is spring or early autumn. During these periods, the earth is warm and contains enough moisture. The soil needs to be dug up, cleared of weeds, leveled. It is advisable to take care of the drainage.

    The seeds of many Bluegrass species are equipped with a fiber gun. With its help, they cling to the hair of animals, which inevitably participate in the spread of the plant. But because of the same fibers, the seeds stick together in lumps, so before planting, it is necessary to grind the planting material.

    After sowing, it is recommended to stretch a plastic film over the site. Such a shelter will not allow birds to feast on seeds. In addition, the germination period is reduced. Seedlings in this case appear after a week.

    Secrets of Success

    Most Bluegrass species are photophilous. However, they feel good in partial shade. In addition, there are plants in the genus that can grow in shaded areas.

    Bluegrass without harm to health tolerates waterlogging, as well as flooding with melt water. Longer drought is much more dangerous for the plant. If there is no rain in the summer, the owner needs to organize regular watering.

    If Bluegrass is grown separately, then it is not necessary to feed it. The composition of the lawn mixture should focus on the requirements of other "components".

    Myatlik does not need winter shelter. Under the snow, the grass goes green. Representatives of the genus are not afraid of spring return frosts.

    Possible difficulties

    When growing Bluegrass, one must remember that in the early years it grows slowly. In all its glory, he appears at the age of 2–4 years.

    Bluegrass vitality is somewhat similar to aggression. When choosing companions, one should choose strong plants, since neighbors who are not able to fight for their place “under the sun” will be ruthlessly driven out of the site.

    By itself, Bluegrass is practically not affected by disease. But sometimes it is infected with rust and powdery mildew from herbs that are included in the lawn mixture. Effective drugs, as well as treatment methods are presented on the website in the appropriate sections.

    Underground passages dug by mice and moles spoil the appearance of the lawn and destroy the root system of grasses. The installation of special repellers will keep Myatlik intact.

    Subscribe and receive descriptions of new species and varieties in the "decorative cereals and herbs" section in the mail!

    Poa pratensis L

    Systematic position.

    Family Poaceae Barnhart., Genus Poa L.

    Biology and morphology.

    2n = 28, 35, 42, 46, 56, 63, 64, 70, 72, 74, 82, 84, 147. Grassroots root-rhizome or rhizome-friable bush, perennial grass. Numerous fibrous roots penetrate to a depth of 100-125 cm, their bulk is located in the arable layer. The stems are thin, slightly leafy, 30-100 cm tall. Numerous vegetative shoots with long leaves (60-70 cm or more) form a dense, dense turf. The leaves on the generative stems are short, folded along, glossy below, with 2 white lines, the tongue is obtuse, short, 0.5-2.0 mm, rounded. Inflorescence - panicle, sprawling, pyramidal or ovoid, up to 25 cm long. Spikelets are small, 5-6 mm, 3-5 flower, green or with a purple tint. Lower floral scales on keel and marginal veins pubescent. A bunch of long curly hairs on callus is well developed. Fruit - achene without awns, 2.0-2.7 mm long, up to 0.6 mm wide, oblong, 3-faced. The mass of 1000 seeds is 0.25-0.3 g. The plant is a winter-spring type of development. Fruits in the 2nd year of development. Flowering - May-June, ripening - July-August. Most meadowgrass plants are characterized by apomictic reproduction, i.e., seeds form without fertilization.

    Spread.

    It has been known in culture since the end of the 18th century. In the former USSR, it is cultivated in 37 territorial entities (in accordance with varietal zoning) on ​​large areas in forest, forest-steppe, mountain zones, and irrigation everywhere. Zoned 5 varieties for grazing and haying, 30 - for lawn use.

    Ecology.

    Mesophyte. It prefers loose, moderately moist, fertile soils, responds positively to liming and fertilizing, grows on slightly acidic soils, and does not tolerate salinization. Winter and frost resistant. Resistant to spring and autumn frosts. Relatively resistant to drought. Shade tolerant.

    Economic value.

    One of the most valuable pasture plants. The leading component of grass stands, cultural pastures. It is eaten well in grass mixtures by all kinds of animals; in clean crops it is eaten worse. It is used for green dressing, hay, haylage, silage, grass meal. In the herbage lasts 10-15 years. It grows in the second half of April, suitable for grazing in early May, for mowing - in early June. By nutritional value it is equal to timothy. It forms a crop of green mass - 60-120 kg / ha, hay - 25-35 kg / ha, more in grass mixtures, seeds - 1.5-2.0 kg / ha, sometimes up to 4.0 kg / ha. It grows well in a community with chickweed and mouse peas. Widely used to create various types of lawn coverings.

    Literature:

    Golovkin B.N. Cultural area of ​​plants. - M .: Nauka, 1988 .-- 184 p.
    State register of plant varieties of Ukraine. - Kiev: Harvest, 1992 .-- 199 p.
    The state register of selection achievements allowed for use. Varieties of plants. - M., 1994 .-- 218 p.
    The state register of selection achievements allowed for use. Varieties of plants. - M., 1996 .-- 171 p.
    The state register of selection achievements allowed for use. Varieties of plants. - M., 1999 .-- 192 p.
    The state register of selection achievements allowed for use. Varieties of plants. - M., 2000 .-- 232s.
    The state register of selection achievements allowed for use. Varieties of plants. - M., 2001 .-- 252 p.
    The state register of selection achievements allowed for use. Varieties of plants. - M., 2003 .-- 236 p.
    Land resources of the USSR. (Natural-agricultural zoning of territories of regions, territories, Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and republics). - M. 1990. - Part 1. - 260 p.
    Catalog of zoned crop varieties. - M .: Kolos, 1969 .-- 489 p.
    Catalog of zoned crop varieties. - M .: Kolos, 1971. - 488 p.
    Catalog of zoned crop varieties. - M .: Kolos, 1974. - 480 p.
    Catalog of zoned crop varieties. - M .: Kolos, 1982. - T. 1. - 211 p.
    Catalog of zoned crop varieties. - M .: Kolos, 1983 .-- T. 2 - 249 p.
    Catalog of zoned crop varieties. - M .: Kolos, 1985 .-- T. 3 .-- 288 p.
    Catalog of zoned varieties in Belarus. - Minsk: Urajay, 1997 .-- 176 p.
    Medvedev P.F., Smetannikova A.I. Feed plants of the European part of the USSR. - L .: Kolos, 1981. - 336 p.
    Natural-agricultural zoning and use of the land fund of the USSR. / Ed. Acad. VASKHNIL A.N.Kashtanova. - M .: Kolos, 1983.- 336 p.
    Register of plant varieties of Ukraine. - Kiev: Harvest, 1996 .-- 259 p.
    Shashko D. N. Agroclimatic zoning of the USSR. - M .: Kolos, 1967 .-- 335 s.
    Shashko D. N. Agroclimatic resources of the USSR. - L .: Gidrometeoizdat, 1985 .-- 248 p.

    © Dzyubenko N.I., Dzyubenko E.A.

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