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Epithelant - care, reproduction, disease, description

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This spherical plant is a dwarf. The largest specimens reach a maximum diameter of 6 cm. The stem is divided into small mamilla, on which thin white bristly spines grow from areoles, their length does not exceed 2 mm. In spring and summer, small flowers - light pink, pinkish-white and dark pink, about 1 cm in diameter, grow from thick white cotton wool at the top of the plant. The fruits are also decorative - red, elongated berries about 2 cm in length. The distribution range of this pitchfork is very wide: it can be found in the southern United States and in the northern states of Mexico. Typically, this cactus prefers rocky areas. Cultivation is the same as for the other representative of the genus. The main requirements are cold wintering and well-drained, slightly alkaline soil.

Epithelant small different. Gregg (Epithelantha micromeris var. Greggii)

This cactus differs from the main species in somewhat larger sizes (about 8 cm in diameter) and a greater density of spines, which are characterized by the presence of long glassy central spines of white color. The flowers are also larger and most often dark pink.

This species grows in the Mexican state of Coahuila. Cultivation is the same as for the previous group.

Epithelant, similar to E. clawbrake (Epithelantha aff. Unguispina)

For many years, this plant occupied the place of genuine claw-nut epithelant (E. unguispina) in the collections. For several decades, it could not be found in natural conditions and only in the late 1990s. re-discovered in the Saltillo area of ​​Coahuila. The plant shown in the image forms typical black central spines only at the apex, near the growth point, and later loses them. For epithelants of the prickly claw, the pitch-black central spine up to 1 cm long is a typical distinguishing feature.

Epithelant small-sized Cristata (Epithelantha micromeris Cristata)

Comb forms in this species are relatively common. Such mutations are also found in collections and are quite widespread due to the fact that they are easy to propagate. Divide the large comb into segments and plant them on a suitable stock (myrtilacticus geometrical or trichocereus pasa capa) in spring or early summer. On these rootstocks, the epithelant does not grow so fast and maintains a compact form.

1.1.Temperature conditions

In summer, during the period of active growth, the epithelant will endure the strongest summer heat. In the winter months, it is worthwhile to provide the plant with a cool dormant period at a temperature of about 12 ° C.

1.2.Lighting

This cactus will need light shading only in spring and summer, during hot daytime hours. The rest of the time, direct sunlight can fall directly on the plant.

Leaving.

1.3 Substrate

The standard mixture for cacti with a high content of sand and perlite, well-drained, with a slightly alkaline pH. It tolerates nutrient-poor soils. The mixture should contain at least 40 percent drainage material.

1.8 soil moisture

Water sparingly even during the growth period - the soil should dry out at 1/3 of the depth between waterings. In no case should moisture stand in the pan after watering. In winter, the frequency of watering is minimized by simply protecting the soil from drying out completely.

1.9 transplant

A transplant can only be done every 3 to 4 years. The root neck should be surrounded by a layer of coarse sand or fine gravel. After planting in fresh soil, irrigation is stopped for 7 to 10 days. For planting, select shallow pots with large drainage holes.

1.10 Propagation

Seeds can be sown in spring or summer in well-drained soil. Seedlings are covered with glass or clear plastic and placed in a warm place. Cuttings separated block processes. The cut site is dried for several days. Vaccinations.

Cactus genus Epithelantha


Registration: 8.9.2012
Posts: 39
From: Ekaterinburg



Good day to all! I admit right away, I'm not an experienced cactus grower, not even an "amateur")) But cacti have always liked and always wanted to get them. Before this house in childhood, there were several unidentified objects, and stretched out to impossibility (now I know that it was not all right with them).
This year I decided to make cacti. It began, many here will laugh, with the purchase in a regular store of a bag of seeds called "Fidget Cactus. Mix." I bought it honestly to experiment with whether something will come out of the seeds or not. They came up .. it seems to be growing, there are thorns ..
And this August, while in the city of Sochi, I went to a flower shop ... also the usual one .. And I decided to please myself with cacti on my birthday - I just chose 6 favorite ones. and brought to Yekaterinburg.

One of my new wards is the epithelant micromesis. on many sites on the Internet I read that a cactus is difficult to care for. Tell me, under normal conditions, on the southwestern window sill, plus not the fact that it will be possible to arrange a cold wintering, will this charm live or not be calculated?

I’ll list the names of other “gifts” right away, maybe someone will immediately get some advice that I, an unaware person, can’t do without:

mammillaria dixanthocentron (also came across an article where it was written that it is difficult to grow in indoor conditions)

echinocereus rigidissimus v. rubispinus

If the names are mistaken, please correct.

And one more question. They are at my place for almost a week. Even before this, after the store, they stood for a week in a rented room in Sochi. Should they be transplanted now or only in the spring? Three of them are just in small plastic cups ..

Sorry for the long question. I will be glad to all the answers and any advice. thanks in advance !!

Lover

Registration: 02.28.2010
Posts: 3153
From: Matveevo

Cottage in the suburbs



And you do not get sick.

To get started, try to determine the language in which you will speak and think about your cacti. Latin is preferable. Although on this forum you will take away many variants of Russian transcriptions. Which leads, as a result, to misunderstanding sometimes.
So, Epithelantom micromeris. And better - Epithelantha micromeris.

As for the orientation of your window, it is quite acceptable for her, in particular, yes, and for the rest of the set. Exceptions are echinocereus rigidissimus and opuncia alba.
For the breadth of Eburg, and there are many good and famous cacti, there are only two of these types that are critical.
But, in our prickly pears, almost everywhere there is not enough light. And echinocereus, if properly maintained under your conditions, can bloom.

As for the transplant. Yes, definitely! There is a non-zero probability that the plants are infected with at least the root worm. This is common with Dutch / Israeli products. Wash the roots, steam (see the relevant topic), dry, transplant.

But in general - with the initiative of you! Our regiment arrived.
P.S. And read the forum!

Post has been edited Comandor - 8.9.2012, 19:11

Super flower grower

Registration: 9/25/2009
Posts: 1647
From: Jurmala. Latvia.

Cottage in My cottage is a loggia!



Welcome!
If for a long time - we will get to know each other ?!
What is from Yekaterinburg - understandable, but how to "dignify" ?!
From Nick - not very clear.
Always welcome newcomers!

And Comandor is right - read the forum!!
It helps a lot at the beginning of the hobby, there are so many
answers to many questions.

All "purchases" must be transplanted!

And one must ask S.P. transfer "us" to the desired Temko,
is there such a forum - for dating ?!

Super flower grower

Registration: 10.10.2008
Posts: 6338
From: Russia, Moscow

Cottage in the city of Medyn, Kaluga Region




Registration: 8.9.2012
Posts: 39
From: Ekaterinburg



Super flower grower

Registration: 10.10.2008
Posts: 6338
From: Russia, Moscow

Cottage in the city of Medyn, Kaluga Region




Registration: 8.9.2012
Posts: 39
From: Ekaterinburg



AAAA. I'm in a panic !! I apologize for writing in the wrong topic, it’s convenient here where I already wrote my first posts.

In May, I bought a violet from a granny on the street (I’m still an inexperienced florist, as you already know), I just liked the look - a large, many leaves, and many, many white flowers. I remember at school I planted violets from leaves, but they were only light purple, and white did not work.

Just yesterday, the day before yesterday, I climbed onto the site of the "violet love tubes" and found out about such disgusting things as a nematode, and about the fact that it very often happens in violets.

and, lovers of violets forgive me, parting with me will be much sadder than with violets.

Duck, having read about the nematodes, I scrolled through my head the whole sequence of my violet's stay. The first week, maybe two new wards behaved normally. Then the lower leaves began to thin. Thinking that the violet had little light, I rearranged it on the balcony. In July, the heat was unbearable; flowers sometimes shaded. Brown thin dry spots began to appear on the leaves of the violet. I thought that it burned in my sun, that it was burns, cut off all the bad lower large leaves, leaving only the youngest and healthy leaves only in the middle of the outlet. And of the cropped ones, the more or less normal ones were put in a glass. then they gave the roots and I planted them.

The process of wilting violets is similar to defeat by nematodes, as described by lovers of violets

I repeat, having read about the nematodes, today I tore the rest of that "granny" violets. washed the roots under water .. some of them are brown, but thin .. the others are kind of white .. but there are direct growths such as some kind of carrot, but not violet .. the only stem is thick a little brown closer to the ground. .

I immediately threw it away with a pot, earth and a pallet. I looked at the cuttings (which were from her), there just little leaves climbed.

Do you think there is a nematode or not? On the one hand, the violet began to wither away almost immediately after appearing in a new environment, there was a strong sun, there were no growths on the roots, I read somewhere about a thick stem that the plant might be old ... On the other hand, there are not only root nematodes. And what to do with cuttings? to throw out too? their roots will definitely be normal in appearance for now. I’m sad ... I didn’t know about such an all-consuming muck as a nematode ((((

By the way, cacti were standing next to the violet, of an unknown name - children of cacti, who appeared at home in another city probably 10 years ago and existed on their own, also without a name and cowering to impossibility. One dug up, it seems, too, there is nothing on the roots.

I feel sorry for my new cacti if they get infected, because, yes, lovers of violets forgive me, parting with them will be much sadder than with violets.

I read a lot of things about the nematode, about the fight, prevention .. is it really so invincible or the violets thicken the colors? the cacti seem to be quieter about her.

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